Archive for the ‘October’ Category
1938 Winston Churchill comments to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain about the Munich Agreement; “You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You have chosen dishonor and you will have war.”
1939 The first Poles are imprisoned in Pawiak Prison in Warsaw. Some 100,000 people will undergo Nazi interrogations here, of whom 37,000 will be executed and 60,000 sent to concentration camps.
Act of Panama signed by US and other western hemisphere nations, declaring Pan-American Security Zone, a 300-mile zone of neutrality off coast of Americas (at about 60˚ W).
1941 Army Group Centre launches operation ‘Typhoon’, the main offensive towards Moscow. Hitler tells his troops: ‘Today is the beginning of the last great battle of the year’. Army Group South begins an advance against Kursk and Kharkov.
1943 The RAF launches a very heavy air raid on Munich, which lasts 25 minutes.
The British 2nd Special Service Brigade lands at Termoli on East coast of Italy and links up with troops moving North from Foggia.
The Australian 9th Division captures Finschhafen on New Guinea.
1944 Warsaw falls to the Germans after 63-day siege, with the Polish Home Army surrendering only after all its food and ammunition had run out. The Germans recognize their valor and treat the survivors not as partisans, but as regular POWs.
Martial law is lifted in Hawaii.
The WASP (Women’s Auxiliary Service Pilots) notified of discontinuation of WASP program in December.
1945 General Patton is removed from command for remarks that were allegedly sympathetic to former Nazis.Take a look at these other WWII Posts:WWII Today: August 26 WWII Today: August 7 WWII Today: September 5
1939 In Germany, Karl Dönitz promoted to rear admiral and commander of the submarines.
British men between 20 and 22 are now liable for conscription.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during a radio broadcast described the Soviet Union as ”a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma”.
German troops enter the devastated city of Warsaw. The Polish garrison on the Hel Peninsula surrenders to the Germans after repeated attacks.
1940 Japanese occupy British concessionary island off Wei-hai-wei, China.
Petrol rationing is introduced in Australia.
1941 The House of Commons votes for the third £1,000M war credit of year.
The Soviet-British-US conference in Moscow concludes with a protocol being signed committing Britain and the USA to supply Russia with 400 aircraft immediately and 500 aircraft per month until the 30th June 1942. There-after the protocol would be renewable annually. Further, both countries undertook to deliver 41,000 tons of Aluminium immediately and 6,000 tons of rubber and 1,500 tons of tin per month. Food and medical supply’s were also included.
1943 The allies capture Naples, although the Germans thoroughly demolish its harbour facilities. Hitler orders a defense of Italy to the South of Rome.
The Australian Government releases men from the army and munitions industry for reallocation within the Australian war effort.
1944 The U.S. First Army begins the siege Aachen, Germany.
The Finnish Army makes an assault landing against German held Tornio, in Gulf of Bothnia.
Monte Battaglia in the Gothic Line is captured by the U.S. Fifth Army after a 4-day battle. The Red Army crosses the Danube into Yugoslavia.
A Secret Hungarian delegation arrives in Moscow to sign an armistice with the Russians.
Canadian forces open campaign to clear the Scheldt Estuary around port of Antwerp, Belgium.
1946 Twelve Nazi war criminals are sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials—Karl Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.Take a look at these other WWII Posts:Captain Ben Dix – October 3, 1943 WWII Today: September 19 Yank Magazine Pin Up: Ramsey Ames Words At War: The Road To Serfdom