Archive for the ‘October’ Category
1940 U.S. Army adopts airborne, or parachute, soldiers. Airborne troops were later used in World War II for landing troops in combat and infiltrating agents into enemy territory.
Chamberlain resigns as Lord President of the Council through ill health, and cabinet is reshuffled with Sir Kingsley Wood, the Chancellor, and Ernie Bevin, Minister of Labour joining War Cabinet.
Vichy France passes its own version of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws.
1941 Charles Lindbergh warns an America First audience that President Roosevelt wants to “prevent freedom of speech” and might go so far as to cancel congressional elections in 1942.
British road deaths in the second year of war up 65% on the pre-war figure.
Hitler tells the German people that Russian ‘has already been broken and will never rise again’. Troops of Army Group Centre capture Orel.
General Cunningham’s plan for ‘Operation Crusader’ is approved by General Auchinleck to be launched on the 11th November. The aim is for XXX Corps, which includes the bulk of the British Armour to draw the 15th and 21st Panzer Division into combat and destroy their tank strength.
Then, XIII Corps, having contained the axis forces on the frontier, would envelop them from the south and advance on Tobruk, whose garrison would break out at an opportune moment and link up. While all this was happening, a smaller element called ‘Oasis Force’ would advance further west in to Libya than the main force, in order to deceive Rommel as to where the main effort was to be made. Further smaller operations were to be mounted by the SAS on Axis airfields in Libya in an attempt to destroy aircraft on the ground.
Australian Independents vote with the Labour to defeat McFadden government.
1942 Germany conducts the first successful test flight of a V-2 missile, which flies perfectly over a 118-mile course.
The 6th Army continues to push the decimated Soviet 62nd Army back toward the Volga, but with heavy losses to both sides.
1943 The Germans invade Kos with the assistance of massive air support.
Japanese forces launch the successful ‘rice’ offensive in Central China.
1944 The allies begin a 60-hour truce at Dunkirk to allow the evacuation of civilians.
The U.S. Third Army resumes its attack on Fort Driant, Metz for the next 10 days.
Germans evacuate Athens, Greece.
Off Morotai, Japanese sub RO-41sinks US destroyer escort Shelton; in counterattack, US destroyer escort Richard M. Rowell accidentally sinks sub USS Seawolf.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Paratrooper Cricket Yank Magazine Pin Up: Carole Landis WWII Today: August 12
1938 Winston Churchill comments to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain about the Munich Agreement; “You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You have chosen dishonor and you will have war.”
1939 The first Poles are imprisoned in Pawiak Prison in Warsaw. Some 100,000 people will undergo Nazi interrogations here, of whom 37,000 will be executed and 60,000 sent to concentration camps.
Act of Panama signed by US and other western hemisphere nations, declaring Pan-American Security Zone, a 300-mile zone of neutrality off coast of Americas (at about 60˚ W).
1941 Army Group Centre launches operation ‘Typhoon’, the main offensive towards Moscow. Hitler tells his troops: ‘Today is the beginning of the last great battle of the year’. Army Group South begins an advance against Kursk and Kharkov.
1943 The RAF launches a very heavy air raid on Munich, which lasts 25 minutes.
The British 2nd Special Service Brigade lands at Termoli on East coast of Italy and links up with troops moving North from Foggia.
The Australian 9th Division captures Finschhafen on New Guinea.
1944 Warsaw falls to the Germans after 63-day siege, with the Polish Home Army surrendering only after all its food and ammunition had run out. The Germans recognize their valor and treat the survivors not as partisans, but as regular POWs.
Martial law is lifted in Hawaii.
The WASP (Women’s Auxiliary Service Pilots) notified of discontinuation of WASP program in December.
1945 General Patton is removed from command for remarks that were allegedly sympathetic to former Nazis.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: August 26 WWII Today: August 7 WWII Today: September 5
1939 In Germany, Karl Dönitz promoted to rear admiral and commander of the submarines.
British men between 20 and 22 are now liable for conscription.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during a radio broadcast described the Soviet Union as ”a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma”.
German troops enter the devastated city of Warsaw. The Polish garrison on the Hel Peninsula surrenders to the Germans after repeated attacks.
1940 Japanese occupy British concessionary island off Wei-hai-wei, China.
Petrol rationing is introduced in Australia.
1941 The House of Commons votes for the third £1,000M war credit of year.
The Soviet-British-US conference in Moscow concludes with a protocol being signed committing Britain and the USA to supply Russia with 400 aircraft immediately and 500 aircraft per month until the 30th June 1942. There-after the protocol would be renewable annually. Further, both countries undertook to deliver 41,000 tons of Aluminium immediately and 6,000 tons of rubber and 1,500 tons of tin per month. Food and medical supply’s were also included.
1943 The allies capture Naples, although the Germans thoroughly demolish its harbour facilities. Hitler orders a defense of Italy to the South of Rome.
The Australian Government releases men from the army and munitions industry for reallocation within the Australian war effort.
1944 The U.S. First Army begins the siege Aachen, Germany.
The Finnish Army makes an assault landing against German held Tornio, in Gulf of Bothnia.
Monte Battaglia in the Gothic Line is captured by the U.S. Fifth Army after a 4-day battle. The Red Army crosses the Danube into Yugoslavia.
A Secret Hungarian delegation arrives in Moscow to sign an armistice with the Russians.
Canadian forces open campaign to clear the Scheldt Estuary around port of Antwerp, Belgium.
1946 Twelve Nazi war criminals are sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials—Karl Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Captain Ben Dix – October 3, 1943 WWII Today: September 19 Yank Magazine Pin Up: Ramsey Ames Words At War: The Road To Serfdom