Archive for the ‘May’ Category
1940 Official announcement that British weekly butter ration will be reduced from 8oz to 4oz per head.
The German XX.Panzerkorps (Hoth) repels a counter-attack by French armored forces, destroying 125 out of 175 tanks. An attack by 6th Army (von Reichenau) against the Dyle line in Belgium is repulsed.
After the fall of Rotterdam the Dutch Army surrenders (10,000 casualties).
The German 20th Panzer Korps (Hoth) repels a counter-attack by French armored forces, destroying 125 out of 175 tanks. An attack by 6thÂ Army (von Reichenau) against the Dyle line in Belgium is repulsed.
In Paris, panic breaks out over reports of a German breakthrough at Sedan with thousands of civilians fleeing the city for the west and south of the country, clogging the roads for Allied military traffic which is attacked by Luftwaffe bombers and fighter bombers.
RAF Bomber Command (Peirse) begins a strategic air offensive against targets inside Germany by attacking industrial installations in the Ruhr, but with minimal effect.
1941 Roosevelt tells Vichy France to ‘choose between Germany and US’.
RAF night raids on Hanover, Berlin, Hamburg and Cuxhaven.
Ernie Bevin says that he would not negotiate with ‘murderer’ Hess. It’s reported that the Dame of Sark has been deported to a German concentration camp as a reprisal for civil disobedience.
Announced that British losses in France and Norway were 13,250 killed and approximately 41,000 taken prisoner out of 437,000 men engaged.
The Luftwaffe begin preparatory attacks against Crete.
The first British jet-powered aircraft, the Gloster E.28/39, takes to the air at RAF Cranwell on its maiden flight. This was not the first jet-powered aircraft to fly, however; that honor fell to the German-built Heinkel He 178 in August 1939.
The British Army under Auchinleck, begins an offensive against the Afrika Korps and manage to recapture Halfaya Pass, Sollum and Capuzzo.
1942 Gasoline rationing goes into effect in the Eastern United States.
The Royal Navy Cruiser HMS Trinidad was attacked by more than twenty Ju-88 bombers as she was returning home after being damaged while escorting Convoy PQ-13 in March 1942.Â All attacks missed, except for one bomb that struck near the previous damage caused by one of her own torpedoes during a previous engagement, starting a serious fire. Sixty-three men were lost, including twenty survivors from HMS Edinburgh which had been sunk two weeks earlier. The decision was taken to scuttle her and she was torpedoed by HMS Matchless and sank in the Arctic Ocean, north of North Cape.
British forces retreating from Burma reach the Indian frontier. General Stilwell crosses the border in to Assam in India.
1943 Stalin announces the dissolution of the Komintern, the Communist International working for world revolution.
1944 Beginning of deportation of Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz.
The Germans begin a withdrawal from the Gustav Line to new positions, called the Adolf Hitler or Dora Line, some 30 miles to the South of Rome.
A Japanese attack on Hunter’s Hill, North of Kohima is repulsed.
1945 The Axis Croation forces that surrendered to British troops in Austria are handed over to Tito’s partisans who without delay proceed to massacre them, killing a total of 110,000, including women and children.
The U.S. Tenth Army is now within 2,000 yards of Naha docks.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 9 WWII Today: November 16 WWII Today: April 23
1940 The British Secretary of State for War, Anthony Eden calls for volunteers to form the Local defense Volunteers force (LDV).
Admiralty order requires all owners of large boats to send in particulars within two weeks.
German forces break through the French front at Sedan.
British and French aircraft are unsuccessful in destroying the German-built bridges across the Meuse and 50 bombers are shot down by AA fire.
60 Luftwaffe He-111 bombers not having received the countermanding order attack besieged Rotterdam, devastating the center of the city.
Germans take Rotterdam as the Dutch government arrives in London.
1941 Admiral Darlan reports back to Vichy after meeting Hitler and von Ribbentrop. Vichy Cabinet approves German concessions and French counter-concessions unanimously.
British aircraft launch attacks against airfields in Syria which have been put at axis disposal by the Vichy French authorities.
3,600 Jews arrested in Paris.
Large Royal Navy and Royal Airforce reinforcements arrive in Singapore.
1942 The U.S. Congress establishes The Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC), under the direction of Oveta Culp Hobby, editor of the Houston Post.
The damaged British escort cruiser Trinidad returning from Murmansk is sunk by Luftwaffe dive-bombers off the northern Norwegian coast.
The British Army, in retreat from Burma, reach India.
1943 The U.S. 8th Air Force attacks Kiel with 125 aircraft, destroying 3 U-boats.
SS day is celebrated in Oslo.
1944 French troops in Italy break through the Gustav Line.
1945 U-858 surrenders off Delaware, USA, becoming the first German warship to surrender to U.S. forces after the war ends.
Vienna radio announces the re-establishment of the Austrian Republic. The Anschluss with Germany is declared null and void. British troops occupy the German island of Heligoland in the North Sea.
The Norwegian resistance movement (Milorg) is officially disbanded.
USAAF B29’s firebomb Nagoya, the heaviest raid on the Japanese homeland so far, with 3,500 tons of bombs being dropped, which destroys the Mitsubishi works.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 19 WWII Today: August 27 WWII Today: December 16
1940 The Labour Party Conference in Bournemouth gives support to Churchill’s government by 2,413,000 votes to 170,000. Churchill makes ‘blood, sweat, tears and toil’ speech. Queen Wilhelmina and the Dutch royal family arrive in London.
Supported by waves of Luftwaffe Stuka dive-bombers, the two German Panzer Korps of Heeresgruppe B establish bridgeheads across the Meuse river, tearing a 50-mile gap in the French defenses between Dinant and Sedan. The 7th Panzer Division (Rommel) is the first division across. Dutch troops withdraw to their second and final line of defense on the Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Utrecht line.
1941 German aircraft begin to operate over Iraq in support of the rebellion by anti-British Iraqi forces.
1942 The British Chiefs of staff approve a major raid against the French port of Dieppe. Initially code-named ‘Rutter’, the plan had been under consideration since March by Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Chief of Combined Operations, who wanting to explore the problems of an opposed landing on the French coast.
The siege of Leningrad continues. Tanya Savicheva, a young girl, writes in her address book, “Mummy 13th May at 7.30 morning 1942. The Savichevs are dead, all dead, only Tanya remains.” Her book also lists the death of her brothers, grandmother, and two uncles. Evacuated to Gorky on the Volga, Tanya herself dies of chronic dysentery in the summer of 1943.
1943 For the first time in the war, the British now claim more German prisoners than the Germans have British.
The Royal Navy begin the bombardment of Pantelleria Island, between Tunisia and Sicily.
Marshal Messe, the Italian C in C of Tunisia, surrenders to Montgomery.
1944 The allies take Sant’ Angelo and Castelforte, thereby opening the way to Rome.
Jail Hill and other key Kohima features are recaptured by the British.
1945 The British Royal Family and allied military leaders attend a thanks giving service at St. Paul’s Cathedral.
Crown Prince Olav, some members of the exiled government and the head of the allied mission, Gen. Sir Andrew Thorne arrive in Oslo.
Rear Admiral BrÃ¼ning, the commander of German naval forces, arrives at Felixstowe to sign the unconditional surrender of all boats under his command.
The last pockets of German resistance in Czechoslovakia are crushed by the Red Army.
U.S. troops capture Del Monte air base on Mindanao. The Australians clear the Wewak peninsula in New Guinea.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Words At War: Still Time To Die WWII Today: January 29 Admiral Bull Halsey Quote
1940 French forces withdraw behind the Meuse river between Dinant and Sedan as advance German panzer columns push out from the Ardennes.
Germans troops continue their advance through Holland, crossing the Yssel and Meuse rivers at several points.
Massive German artillery bombardments are maintained on western front, the Luftwaffe continues to reek havoc across Northern France and Belgium, causing refugees to stream west, clogging the roads for allied forces.
Internment of Germans begins in Britain.
1941 A British convoy, codenamed ‘Tiger’, arrives at Alexandria with much needed tanks and aircraft.
1942 The first contingent of the US Eighth Army Air Force arrives in Britain.
Timoshenko’s offensive grinds forward into Army Group South with two pincer attacks, one Northwest out of the Izyum bulge by the 6th Red Army and the other West then Southwest by the 28th Red Army from the Volchansk area, designed to converge west of Kharkov. The Red Army falls back towards Kerch in the Crimea.
1943 Surrender of all German and Italian forces in Tunisia (130,000 German and 120,000 Italian prisoners). General von Arnim and 25 other axis generals are claimed captured, so ending the life of the once mighty ‘Afrika Korps’ and marking the end of the three-year North African campaign.
1944 800 bombers of the US 8th Air Force carry out attacks against the synthetic fuel plants at Leuna-Merseburg, LÃ¼tzkendorf, Zeitz and BrÃ¼x.
Fierce German counter-attacks are put in by the German defenders at Monte Cassino.
The remains of German Seventeenth Army in Crimea are destroyed, with the Russians taking 36,000 Axis troops prisoner.
The Japanese attacks to the South East of Imphal are broken off.
1945 British relief troops land at St HÃ©lier in Jersey, to an ‘overwhelming’ welcome.
The German garrison in Crete under Major General Bentach surrenders
General Vlasov, commander of the anti-Bolshevist Russian Liberation Army is handed over to the Russians by the Americans and will be executed for treason in August, 1946.
Very heavy fighting continues on Okinawa, with 125 Japanese aircraft being reported as shot down.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: June 30 Words At War: Barriers Down WWII Today: March 21