Archive for the ‘July’ Category

Jul 07

World War II Today: July 7

1940 A French naval squadron that has sought refuge at Alexandria is disarmed and interned by the British Navy.

Italy allows French Mediterranean bases to remain armed.

At Dakar, French West Africa, British torpedo bombers damage French battleship Richelieu when she refuses to surrender.

1941 Under the pretext of defending the western hemisphere against Axis incursions, the U.S. 1st Marine Brigade is landed in Iceland to relieve the British garrison that has been there since the previous year.

1942 Operation ‘Rutter’ is again delayed. The date for the attack is now postponed until the 19th August. However, General Montgomery calls for the attack to be cancelled because too many people know about it, but General Paget and Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten and General Paget insist the attack should be mounted.

Two pro-German spies, Jose Key and Alphons Timmerman are hanged at Wandsworth prison.

4th Panzer Army enter Voronezh, 150 miles to the east of Kursk. Army Group A begins its offensive in to the Donets Basin. The STAVKA (Red Army High Command) creates the Voronezh Front under General Rokossovsky and is to cover the widening gap between the Bryansk and South-West Fronts.

Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz.

China makes a plea for the allied forces to make the Pacific rather than Europe the focus of action. The Chinese cite that they have been under attack by the Japanese since 1936, long before the European nations went to war.

1943 Off the coast of Brazil, U-185 (Kptlt. Maus) sinks 3 merchant ships.

Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning.

The German forces engaged at Kursk are still unable to achieve a major breakthrough in the face of stiffening Soviet resistance, which is reinforced by the arrival of strong tank and infantry reserves. Lt. Hartmann of II/JG 52, downs 7 Soviet aircraft near Kursk, bringing his total since the start of the offensive to 22.

China enters the seventh year of ‘The Double Seven War’, which started on 7/7/1936.

1944 450 heavy RAF bombers carry out a saturation raid (2,300 tons) on the German defenses in and around Caen. 1,129 USAAF bombers attack aircraft factories and oil plants in the Leipzig area.

Attacks by the US Seventh Army in the Carentan area of the Cotentin peninsula are blunted by violent German counter-attacks.

Vice-Admiral Nagumo and General Saito, commit suicide as the Japanese position on Saipan deteriorates.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: March 27 WWII Today: March 3 WWII Today: February 26

Jul 06

World War II Today: July 6

1940 After spending 8 weeks in the west supervising the German offensive, a triumphant Hitler returns to Berlin and is cheered wildly by the population of Berlin.

German aircraft and minesweepers sink 4 British submarines, Narwhal, Spearfish, Shark and Thames. The first German U-boat base in France is opened at Lorient.

First German U-boat base opens in France, at Lorient; first U-boat (U-30) arrives.

1941 Army Group North continues its advance, reaching a line from Lake Peipus through Reval to Parun, North of the Gulf of Riga.

Axis aircraft bomb Tobruk and Sidi Barrani.

1942 U-132 (Kptlt. Vogelsang) enters the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the Canadian East coast and sinks 3 merchant ships.

Despite continuous attacks by the British Eighth Army, Panzer Army Afrika manages to hold on to its positions before El Alamein.

1943 The battle of Kursk continues with unabated ferocity, with the northern pincer of 9th Army is struggling to make any significant progress, the southern pincer of 4th Panzer Army advances some 12 miles.

1944 Churchill makes a statement about the ‘Doodlebugs’ and say that 2,754 have been launched, causing 2,752 dead and 8,000 injured so far.

The Soviet 1st Belorussian Front recaptures Kovel to the southeast of Brest-Litovsk.

The British Eighth Army captures Osimo 20 miles South of Ancona.

1945 Operation Overcast begins in Europe–moving Austrian and German scientists and their equipment to the United States.

Norway declares war on Japan. More than 800 Norwegians are in Japanese POW camps.

B-29 Superfortress bombers attack Honshu, Japan, using new fire-bombing techniques.

Nicaragua becomes the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter. US President Harry Truman establishes the Medal of Freedom, the highest honor for civilians.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: April 30 WWII Today: April 5 WWII Ad: Pennsylvania Rail Road

Jul 05

World War II Today: July 5

1940 President Roosevelt lays down ‘five fundamentals of freedom’: freedom from fear, of information, of religion, of expression, and from want.

The RAF carries out night raids on Kiel and Wilhelmshaven.

The British destroyer Whirlwind is sunk by U-34 off Land’s End.

Romania announces its alignment with the Axis powers.

In retaliation for the British action at Mers-el-Kebir, Vichy French warships based at Dakar capture 3 British merchant ships, while French aircraft stationed in Morocco attack British shipping off Gibraltar.

1941 Foreign Secretary Eden categorically rules out possibility of negotiating with Hitler.

The RAF carries out night raids on Munster and Bielefeld.

Units of German 6th Army break through the Stalin Line East of Lvov, while Panzer Group 1 continues its advance toward Zhitomir and Berdichev in the Ukraine.

General Wavell is relieved of his command as C-in-C of the Middle East, by General Sir Claude Auchinleck.

1942 Advanced units of 4th Panzer Army reach the Don north and south of Voronezh, which causes the Russians to begin its evacuation.

Upon learning that the covering force for PQ-17 had fled and the convoy had scattered. Admiral Raeder secured Hitlers approval to use the German surface force, although caution was to be exercised in order not to risk the sinking or damage of the Battleship Tirpitz, pocket battleship Admiral Scheer or heavy cruiser Hipper. Escorted by 7 destroyers and 2 E-boats, the 3 big German ships sailed from Altenfiord at 3pm. As the force left moved in to open seas, the soviet submarine K-21 saw and attacked the Tirpitz, but its torpedos missed. An hour later an RAF Coastal Command Catalina reported the force as at sea and a further two hours later HMS Unshaken, radioed in a sighting and an exact description of the force. Hearing of these allied sightings through allied intelligence, Admiral Raeder became nervous and cancelled the sortie, ordering the surface fleet to return to port leaving the Luftwaffe and U-boats to finish off PQ-17.

Axis troops start laying minefields in front of their positions at El Alamein.

1943 The Germans launch operation ‘Citadel’, their last major offensive on Russian Front on a 200-mile front, with the 9th Army attacking from the North and 4th Panzer Army attacking from the South. The Germans have deployed 37 divisions totaling 900,000 men, which include 11 Panzer divisions with 2,500 tanks and assault guns, 10,000 guns and Nebelwerfers, as well as 1,800 aircraft. Against this, the Red Army has 1,300,000 troops in deeply echeloned defensive positions, protected by 8,000 land mines per square mile, 3,300 tanks, 20,000 guns and 2,500 aircraft. Taken together, the opposing forces in this operation constitute the largest concentration of military power ever assembled in history. In the northern sector, the Germans advance 6 miles, while in the southern sector they manage 25 miles against stubborn Soviet resistance which inflicts heavy casualties.

A Naval battle erupts in Kula Gulf, North of New Georgia. The US Navy loses the cruiser Helena, but claims eight or nine Japanese ships have been sunk.

1944 German U-boats begin operations off the Normandy coast, sinking 4 small allied warships and damaging the British cruiser Dragon.

1945 SHAEF says of the 5.8m displaced persons (found in the Anglo-American Zone, 3.26m have been repatriated and 2.53m, mostly Eastern Europeans) still remain in repatriation camps.

MacArthur announces the liberation of the whole of the Philippines, although sporadic fighting continues until after the Japanese surrender. U.S. losses total 11,921 dead and 42,970 injured or captured.

The Australian Prime Minister, John Curtin, dies.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: December 7 WWII Today: March 25 WWII Today: March 6

Jul 04

World War II Today: July 4 – Independence Day

1940 In the House of Commons, prime minister Churchill declares,’ I leave the judgment of our actions with confidence to Parliament. I leave it to the nation and I leave it to the United States. I leave it to the world and to history.’

German Stukas and MTBs attack a British convoy South of Portland, sinking 5 merchant ships.

In direct response to the devastating British attack on the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, the Vichy French government of Marshal Petain breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain.

Italian bombers raid Malta.

Italian bombers raid Alexandria. Italian forces attack from Abyssinia and Eritrea and capture the British outposts of Kassala and Gallabat on the Sudanese border.

1941 In and Independence Day broadcast, Roosevelt warns the American public that the USA ‘will never survive as a happy and prosperous oasis in the middle of a desert of dictatorship’.

British Communist Party officially drops peace campaign and backs the war.

Units of Army Group Centre capture Ostrov.

British Communist Party decides to support war effort.

Communist Yugoslavian leader Tito (Joseph Broz) calls for Yugoslavians to revolt against Nazi rule.

1942 Bad weather delays operation ‘Rutter’, which is now scheduled for the 7th July.

Convoy PQ-17, now reinforced with the 7 warships of the cruiser force which had come up during the night, comes under heavy attack from Luftwaffe dive-bombers and torpedo planes during the morning. An American merchant (7,200 tons) was badly hit by a torpedo and had to be abandoned, although U-457 found and sank it. U-457, also incorrectly reported that it had seen a battleship with the convoys escorts. Because of this report, Admiral Raeder believed that the British distant covering force, which included an aircraft-carrier had arrived to help the convoy. He therefore refused permission for the German battleship Tirpitz, pocket battleship Admiral Scheer, heavy cruiser Hipper, 7 destroyers and 2 E-boats to put to sea until the British aircraft-carrier had been sunk. In the afternoon, larger numbers of Luftwaffe planes attacked convoy PQ-17 twice, severely damaging 3 merchants, two of which later sank. Later that day, the British First Sea Lord Dudley Pound, thought that the German surface force had sailed to attack the PQ-17 and would in all probability wipe out the convoy along with the covering cruiser force. He therefore made the catastrophic decision to withdraw the cruiser force and “scatter” PQ-17 in the hope that this might save most of the convoy. Almost immediately, the U-boats benefited, with U-703 sinking 2 merchants for 12,100 tons, U-88 sank 2 merchants for 12,300 tons, U-334 sank 1 merchant for 7,200 tons and U-456 sank a merchant for 7,000 tons. On the downside the Luftwaffe, having difficulty in spotting friend from foe, damaged U-334 and U-456 forcing them to return to Norway for repairs.

For the first time, 6 Douglas A-20/Boston bombers of the USAAF’s 15th Bombardment Squadron were combined with 6 Douglas A-20/Boston bombers from the RAF’s 226 Squadron for raids on German airfields in Holland. 2 USSAF and 1 RAF aircraft failed to return.

The Germans claim to have pushed the Russians back across the Don along a broad front.

First American Red Cross Service Club opens in London, the Washington Club.

1943 General Sikorski and several other Polish leaders of the London-based anti-Communist Polish government-in-exile, die in plane crash just after take-off from Gibraltar, which some suspect is the result of deliberate sabotage.

1944 The general strike in Copenhagen ends with the Germans withdrawing the curfew to avoid further popular risings in Denmark.

In Normandy, one U.S. division gains only 200yds and six German prisoners for nearly 1,400 casualties.

The Soviet 1st Baltic Front begins an offensive toward Riga, capturing Polotsk and threatening to isolate Army Group North during its fighting retreat from Estonia.

1945 The British 7th Armoured Division, ‘The Desert Rats’ enters Berlin to establish the British sector.

Canadian troops riot in Aldershot, England, over not being shipped home; no damage or injuries.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: June 15 WWII Today: October 8 WWII Today: September 14

Jul 03

World War II Today: July 3

1940 Fifty nine French warships that had sought refuge at Plymouth and Portsmouth are seized by the Royal Navy, but only after overcoming armed French resistance in some cases.

The British Auxiliary AA ship Foyle Bank is sunk in German air attacks on the docks at Portland, Dorset.

Due to heavy losses at the hands of the Luftwaffe the British suspend all future convoy from passing through the English Channel.

Heavy units of the British Navy, code named Force H (Somerville), launch an attack (Operation Catapult) on the French fleet stationed at Mers-el-Kebir near Oran in Algeria, sinking the battleship Bretagne and heavily damaging the battleship Provence and the battlecruiser Dunkerque. 1,300 French sailors are killed and hundreds wounded.

1941 For the first time since the beginning of the German attack on the Soviet Union, Stalin speaks to the Russian people over the radio. Demanding utmost resistance ‘in our patriotic war against German Fascism’ and says ‘A grave threat hangs over our country.’ He calls for a policy of scorched earth if the Red Army is forced to yield ground and the formation of ‘people’s partisan’ groups behind enemy lines, as well as the summary execution of all cowards and shirkers.

Army Group Centre eradicates the Bialystok pocket capturing 290,000 prisoners, 2,500 tanks, 1,500 guns in the process.

1942 Sevastopol, the Crimean capital, finally falls to Germans, along with 97,000 Soviet prisoners. The German and Romanian forces lost 24,000 men.

Eleven U-boats in the area begin to close in on convoy PQ-17 or place themselves along the route of the convoy. 6 U-boats make attack runs throughout the day, but have no success and either lose contact or fall behind the convoy.

Due to exhaustion and lack of supplies, especially fuel for the armored divisions, Rommel orders his German and Italian forces to suspend all offensive operations before El Alamein and begin constructing defensive positions.

1943 The RAF carries out a heavy night raid on Cologne, causing considerable damage and killing hundreds of civilians.

The opening of operation ‘Citadel’, the massive German offensive to encircle and destroy the Soviet forces in the Orel-Belgorod salient near Kursk, is delayed by one day because of heavy Soviet air attacks against the German deployment areas.

US troops from Nassau Beach link up with the Australians who are under heavy attack at Mubo in New Guinea. Operation ‘Cartwheel’ continues with further advances in the Solomon’s.

1944 The U.S. First Army opens a general offensive to break out of the hedgerow area of Normandy, France.

The U.S. VIII Corps drives southwards to Coutances.

French troops take Siena, only 30 miles South of Florence.

Minsk, the capital of Byelorussia is captured by the Russians, trapping 100,000 Germans in a pocket to the East.

Prime Minister Curtin returns to Australia after the Commonwealth conference in Britain.

1945 U.S. troops land at Balikpapan and take Sepinggan airfield on Borneo in the Pacific.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: December 18 WWII Today: March 1 WWII Today: January 15

Jul 02

World War II Today: July 2

1940 The British liner Arandora Star, carrying 1,500 German and Italian prisoners of war to Canada, is sunk by U-47 off the west coast of Ireland, with many casualties.

Hitler orders preparation of ‘Operation Sealion’ the plan for the invasion of Britain. Germans issue casualty figures for French campaign: 17,000 killed and 1,900,000 French prisoners claimed. August Bank holiday canceled in Britain.

1941 The RAF carries out night raids on Bremen and Cologne.

Troops of the German 11th, Romanian 3rd and 4th Armies begin an offensive from Moldavia toward Vinnitsa and the Black Sea port of Odessa.

China breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany and Italy.

1942 Allied convoys QP-13 and PQ-17 pass each other while the German battleships Tirpitz and Hipper prepare to attack PQ-17 in the North Atlantic.

The British hold El Alamein despite heavy attacks, Rommel is now down to 26 tanks.

JCS approves Pacific strategy-a dual Army-Navy attack.

hurchill’s government overcomes a parliamentary Motion of Censure in an overwhelming vote.

US Depression-era Civilian Conservation Corps is ordered disbanded, completed 30 June 1943.

1943 Greek guerrillas to come under the direct control of the supreme allied command in the Middle East. U.S. Fifteenth Air Force, raids three airfields in southern Italy.

US troops land on New Georgia in the Solomons.

1944 The end of the battle of the ‘Scottish Corridor’ in Normandy result in the German counter-attacks failing to eliminate it. Field Marshal von Rundstedt, C-in-C West, is replaced by Field Marshal von Kluge.

German troops evacuate Siena.

The Russians cut the railways to the West of Minsk.

US Army troops land on Noemfoor Island in Geelvink Bay, New Guinea.

US Marines take Garapan, Saipan; Japanese fall back to final defensive line on northern Saipan.

1945 The U.S. submarine Trenchant sinks a Hagura Class Japanese cruiser in the Southwest Pacific.

The British capture secret documents concerning a planned breakout of Honda’s 33rd Army in Burma.

USS Barb attacks Kaihyo Island with the first use of rockets by a sub against shore installations.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 7 WWII Today: December 1 WWII Bell Telephone Christmas Ad

Jul 01

World War II Today: July 1

1940 In the first 6 months of the year, German U-boats have sunk 900,000 tons of Allied shipping.

German troops occupy Jersey and complete the capture of the Channel Islands, the only British territory ever captured by Germany during World War 2. The French government of Marshal Petain moves from Bordeaux to Vichy. Germany asks the USA and other neutrals to withdraw diplomatic missions from Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg and Norway. British milk price maximum is raised to 4d a pint.

Marshal Balbo is replaced by Marshal Graziani as C-in-C of the Italian forces in Libya.

1941 Icelandic-American exchange of letter respecting defense of Iceland.

Coal deliveries to all establishments in Britain limited to one ton per month.

RAF starts daylight air offensive over Northern France, English Channel and Occupied Europe.

German armoured forces of Panzergruppe 4 of Heeresgruppe Nord cross the Dvina and capture Riga, while units of Panzergruppe 2 of Heeresgruppe Mitte reach the Berezina near Borisov.

Auchinleck becomes C-in-C of the Middle East.

Wavell becomes C-in-C, India. The Axis recognises the Japanese backed government of China.

1942 German troops capture Sevastopol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union.

Rommel captures 2,000 prisoners from the El Alamein ‘box’ but loses 18 of his 55 remaining tanks.

1943 Hitler addresses the generals taking part in the imminent operation ‘Citadel’ at Kursk.

1944 The invasion of southern France is fixed for the 15th August. Since D-Day, the Allies have landed 920,000 troops, 177,000 vehicles and 600,000 tons of supplies and equipment. In the 24 days of fighting, they have lost 62,000 men killed, wounded and missing. Beginning of the Bretton Woods Conference convened to deal with postwar financial and economic problems. The establishment of the International Monetary Fund for Reconstruction and Development is announced.

The Fifth Guards Tank Army of the 3rd Belorussian Front takes Borisov, less that 50 miles North East of Minsk.

The Japanese Imphal-Kohima survivors are encircled at Ukrul.

1945 The U.S. 2nd Armoured Division from Halle enter Berlin in accordance with the four-power agreement over the division of Germany into zones.

The Australian 7th Division lands at Balikpapan on South East coast of Borneo after a 15-day bombardment.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: December 24 WWII Today: October 16 WWII Today: July 18

Jul 31

World War II Today: July 31

1940 Hitler appraised the Army plan for the invasion of Britain at a conference of his top Military chiefs. The Navy criticize the plan for being on a too broad a front, requiring 2,500 barges in order to transport the invading forces, which cant be concentrated before the 15th of September at the earliest. The Army refute these arguments, saying that too narrow a front would allow the British to concentrate what forces they posses.

Hitler formally announces to his military commanders that he has decided to invade Russia.

In Lithuania, Japanese Consul Chiune Sugihara begins writing thousands of visas for Jews to flee through the USSR into Japanese-controlled China.

First Mitsubishi Zero is delivered to the Japanese navy.

1941 The U.S. Army establishes the Military Police Corps.

During July, 501 British civilians died in air raids.

Goering instructs Heydrich to prepare for Final Solution.

Joseph Terboven declares a state of emergency in Norway.

Army Group North, which is slowly advancing toward Leningrad, reaches Lake Ilmen, to the south of Novgorod. However, its troops are very fatigued due to the marshes and heavily wooded terrain.

1942 Heavy RAF night raid on Düsseldorf.

The German advance into the Northern Caucasus continues.

1944 The British VIII Corps begins ‘Operation Bluecoat’, an assault towards the river Vire. The U.S. 4th Armoured Division captures Avranches, having advanced 35 miles and taken 20,000 prisoners since the 25th July.

The Soviet army takes Kovno, the capital of Lithuania.

The last Japanese counter-attack on Tinian is annihilated. U.S. forces make further landings on the North West coast of Dutch New Guinea and begin a jungle push from Aitape.

1945 The French collaboration trials have so far resulted in 1,629 death sentences, 757 hard labour for life, 5,328 other hard labour, 1,136 solitary confinement, 11,073 prison sentences, 22,137 to suffer national degradation and 3,564 acquitted.

Former head of Vichy French government, Pierre Laval, is sent from Spain to Austria under pressure from France; he is immediately arrested by the Americans and turned over to the French. He will be executed October 15 for collaborating with the Nazis.

A British midget submarine attack on Singapore sinks the Japanese heavy cruiser Takao.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: November 18 Words at War: The Curtain Rises WWII Today: May 22

Jul 30

World War II Today: July 30

1940 The Luftwaffe ceases major raids over Britain as it builds up strength for it forth coming onslaught.

Act of Havana signed to prevent German takeover of colonies.

First Free Polish fighter squadron is formed in Britain.

1941 Polish-Soviet agreement of cooperation signed at London.

US gunboat Tutiula damaged by Japanese planes near Chungking.

British planes from carriers bomb Petsamo.

17 Japanese ‘spy’ fishing boats seized by US in Hawaiian waters.

1942 The Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Services (WAVES) is authorized by the U.S. Congress.

The Red Army launches a counter-offensive at Rzhev, which leads to the temporary encirclement of six German divisions, although these are successfully supplied by massive air drops from the Luftwaffe. Army Group A consolidates its bridgehead over the Manych River, while Army Group B struggles to reduce the Soviet bridgehead at Kalach in the Don Estuary west of Stalingrad.

Chinese recapture Tsingtien in Eastern Chekiang, cutting off the Japanese at Wenchow.

Japanese capture crucial islands en route to New Guinea.

1943 Hamburg is bombed for a third time.

Army Group A losses the initiative in its attack to secure its positions along the Mius River.

Six British divisions attack at Caumont, 15 miles East of St. Lo.

1945 British, U.S. and French troops enter Vienna.

The Japanese reject the Potsdam ultimatum, so the Joint Chiefs order the plans for Japanese surrender to be drawn up.

After delivering parts of the first atomic bomb to the island of Tinian, a Japanese submarine sinks the Cruiser U.S.S. Indianapolis resulting in the loss of 881 crewmen. The ship sinks before a radio message can be sent out leaving survivors adrift for two days.

US War Relocation Authority announces all but one internment camp for Japanese (Tule Lake) to close by December 15.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 25 WWII Today: May 9 Words at War: Wild River

Jul 29

World War II Today: July 29

1940 Eighty (80) German planes attack Dover harbour; British claim 17 down; Air Ministry accuses Germans of using Red Cross planes for reconnaissance. Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.

A German memorandum issued by the OKM states that an invasion of Great Britain will not be possible until the second half of September 1940 and that the prospects for such an invasion seem doubtful.

Germany annexes Belgian provinces of Eupen, Malmédy, and Moresnet; bans speaking of French and Flemish.

James Melville ‘Jimmy’ Cox, the Reuters’ correspondent in Tokyo was arrested on 27th July by the Kempeitai on the usual non-specific charge of espionage. Two days later he was seen falling from an open window on the third floor of the Kempeitai Headquarters. They claimed that he had committed suicide because he was guilty of espionage.

1941 Marshal Zhukov resigns as Russian Chief of Staff.

Dutch freeze Japanese assets; now Japan has lost 75% of foreign trade and 90% of its oil supply.

1942 German troops take Proletarskaya and establish a bridgehead over the Manych River in the Caucasus region.

As Australians retreat, Japanese take Kokoda and its airfield in Papua New Guinea.

1943 The mass evacuation of a million civilians from Hamburg is ordered after the recent heavy bombings.

Army Group A launches counter attacks to improve its positions along the Mius River.

As Blitz Week continues, US Eighth Air Force bombs Kiel and Warnemünde, while RAF returns to battered Hamburg.

1944 The last of a series of RAF bombing raids on Stuttgart that kill 900 and leave 100,000 homeless takes place.

The Red Army reaches to the Baltic coast to the West of Riga, thereby cutting Army Group North off in Estonia and Eastern Latvia.

The Orote Peninsula is secured on Guam.

1945 After having delivered the atomic bomb to Tinian, cruiser USS Indianapolis is sunk by Japanese sub I-58 off Leyte, and is not missed for days. Only 316 of 1196 men will survive the shark-infested waters.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 27 WWII Today: May 27 Words at War: Your School, Your Children