Archive for the ‘January’ Category
1932 Japanese forces in Manchuria set up a puppet government known as Manchukuo.
1936 In Berlin, Nazi officials claim that their treatment of Jews is not the business of the League of Nations.
1940 Charles Edison (son of Thomas) becomes US Secretary of the Navy.
1941 Royal Navy bombards Bardia in North Africa day and night.
1942 The Red Army achieves a breakthrough at Rzhev.
British troops are outflanked by the Japanese at Kampar in Malaya and begin to withdraw to the river Slim.
Japanese troops enter Manila and the U.S. Naval base at Cavite falls as US-Filipino forces retreat into the Bataan Peninsula.
British and South African troops take Bardia, Libya after a long siege.
Thirty-three members of a German spy ring under Fritz Duquesne are convicted in the largest espionage case in US history.
US Army orders 300,000 D-ration chocolate bars from Hershey, designed to melt at higher temperatures and not taste too good, so
Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu meets with Hitler and expresses concern about the unfolding disaster at Stalingrad.
Germans begin a withdrawal from the Caucasus.
The allies take Buna in New Guinea.
The Libian port of Tripoli is closed to Axis ships due to Allied bombing.
1944 Hitler’s Chancellery is reported 75 per cent destroyed with many trapped in the shelters below after a direct hit during an RAF raid on Berlin.
Wing Commander John Cunningham makes it 19-all with Wing Commander J. R. Braham in night-fighter air-ace’s ‘league’.
US Marines land at Saidor in northern New Guinea.
1945 Danish saboteurs wreck a V2 factory in Copenhagen.
Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsey dies in plane crash near Paris and becomes the fourth prominent allied leader to die like this.
American Sikorsky helicopter is used in convoy escort for first time.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: December 21 WWII Today: November 21 Words at War: D-Day 5th War Bond Drive Special
1940 Conscription extended to 20 – 27 in Britain.
1941 Hitler, in his New Year’s order of the day to the German armed forces, promises “…completion, on the Western Front, of the greatest victory in our history…”
The Western Desert Force is renamed as the XIII Corps.
1942 British forces take Bardia, along with 8,000 Axis prisoners.
Roosevelt and Churchill sign the “Declaration by the United Nations” at the Arcadia Conference in Washington; 24 other Allied nations will sign it, promising not to seek a separate peace.
US discontinues automobile manufacturing for civilian sale for the duration; 500,000 remain in stock.
The Rose Bowl held at Duke in Durham NC due to ban on large gatherings on the West Coast (Oregon State defeats Duke 20-16).
1943 The 1st Panzer Army in the Caucasus begin withdrawing from the Terek front to avoid being cut off by Soviet forces attacking from the northeast toward Rostov-on-Don.
In Rose Bowl, Georgia beats UCLA 9-0 in both schools’ first appearance in Rose Bowl and UCLA’s first bowl game.
1944 Field Marshal Rommel is appointed C-in-C of Army Group B, the German forces in France north of the Loire river.
General Mark Clark takes over the U.S. Seventh Army in addition to the command of the U.S. Fifth Army.
Gen. Alexander Vandegrift replaces Gen. Thomas Holcomb as commandant, US Marine Corps.
The US penny production switched from steel to an alloy with copper from used shell casings.
1945 Germans launch Nordwind offensive against US Seventh and French Armies into Alsace toward Strasbourg, and 900 Luftwaffe aircraft strafe Allied air bases in France and Belgium, destroying 200 aircraft but losing 300.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Winchester Ad WWII Today: November 23 WWII Today: August 5