Archive for the ‘WWII History’ Category

Jul 31

World War II Today: July 31

1940 Hitler appraised the Army plan for the invasion of Britain at a conference of his top Military chiefs. The Navy criticize the plan for being on a too broad a front, requiring 2,500 barges in order to transport the invading forces, which cant be concentrated before the 15th of September at the earliest. The Army refute these arguments, saying that too narrow a front would allow the British to concentrate what forces they posses.

Hitler formally announces to his military commanders that he has decided to invade Russia.

In Lithuania, Japanese Consul Chiune Sugihara begins writing thousands of visas for Jews to flee through the USSR into Japanese-controlled China.

First Mitsubishi Zero is delivered to the Japanese navy.

1941 The U.S. Army establishes the Military Police Corps.

During July, 501 British civilians died in air raids.

Goering instructs Heydrich to prepare for Final Solution.

Joseph Terboven declares a state of emergency in Norway.

Army Group North, which is slowly advancing toward Leningrad, reaches Lake Ilmen, to the south of Novgorod. However, its troops are very fatigued due to the marshes and heavily wooded terrain.

1942 Heavy RAF night raid on Düsseldorf.

The German advance into the Northern Caucasus continues.

1944 The British VIII Corps begins ‘Operation Bluecoat’, an assault towards the river Vire. The U.S. 4th Armoured Division captures Avranches, having advanced 35 miles and taken 20,000 prisoners since the 25th July.

The Soviet army takes Kovno, the capital of Lithuania.

The last Japanese counter-attack on Tinian is annihilated. U.S. forces make further landings on the North West coast of Dutch New Guinea and begin a jungle push from Aitape.

1945 The French collaboration trials have so far resulted in 1,629 death sentences, 757 hard labour for life, 5,328 other hard labour, 1,136 solitary confinement, 11,073 prison sentences, 22,137 to suffer national degradation and 3,564 acquitted.

Former head of Vichy French government, Pierre Laval, is sent from Spain to Austria under pressure from France; he is immediately arrested by the Americans and turned over to the French. He will be executed October 15 for collaborating with the Nazis.

A British midget submarine attack on Singapore sinks the Japanese heavy cruiser Takao.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: November 18 Words at War: The Curtain Rises WWII Today: May 22

Jul 30

World War II Today: July 30

1940 The Luftwaffe ceases major raids over Britain as it builds up strength for it forth coming onslaught.

Act of Havana signed to prevent German takeover of colonies.

First Free Polish fighter squadron is formed in Britain.

1941 Polish-Soviet agreement of cooperation signed at London.

US gunboat Tutiula damaged by Japanese planes near Chungking.

British planes from carriers bomb Petsamo.

17 Japanese ‘spy’ fishing boats seized by US in Hawaiian waters.

1942 The Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Services (WAVES) is authorized by the U.S. Congress.

The Red Army launches a counter-offensive at Rzhev, which leads to the temporary encirclement of six German divisions, although these are successfully supplied by massive air drops from the Luftwaffe. Army Group A consolidates its bridgehead over the Manych River, while Army Group B struggles to reduce the Soviet bridgehead at Kalach in the Don Estuary west of Stalingrad.

Chinese recapture Tsingtien in Eastern Chekiang, cutting off the Japanese at Wenchow.

Japanese capture crucial islands en route to New Guinea.

1943 Hamburg is bombed for a third time.

Army Group A losses the initiative in its attack to secure its positions along the Mius River.

Six British divisions attack at Caumont, 15 miles East of St. Lo.

1945 British, U.S. and French troops enter Vienna.

The Japanese reject the Potsdam ultimatum, so the Joint Chiefs order the plans for Japanese surrender to be drawn up.

After delivering parts of the first atomic bomb to the island of Tinian, a Japanese submarine sinks the Cruiser U.S.S. Indianapolis resulting in the loss of 881 crewmen. The ship sinks before a radio message can be sent out leaving survivors adrift for two days.

US War Relocation Authority announces all but one internment camp for Japanese (Tule Lake) to close by December 15.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 25 WWII Today: May 9 Words at War: Wild River

Jul 29

World War II Today: July 29

1940 Eighty (80) German planes attack Dover harbour; British claim 17 down; Air Ministry accuses Germans of using Red Cross planes for reconnaissance. Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.

A German memorandum issued by the OKM states that an invasion of Great Britain will not be possible until the second half of September 1940 and that the prospects for such an invasion seem doubtful.

Germany annexes Belgian provinces of Eupen, Malmédy, and Moresnet; bans speaking of French and Flemish.

James Melville ‘Jimmy’ Cox, the Reuters’ correspondent in Tokyo was arrested on 27th July by the Kempeitai on the usual non-specific charge of espionage. Two days later he was seen falling from an open window on the third floor of the Kempeitai Headquarters. They claimed that he had committed suicide because he was guilty of espionage.

1941 Marshal Zhukov resigns as Russian Chief of Staff.

Dutch freeze Japanese assets; now Japan has lost 75% of foreign trade and 90% of its oil supply.

1942 German troops take Proletarskaya and establish a bridgehead over the Manych River in the Caucasus region.

As Australians retreat, Japanese take Kokoda and its airfield in Papua New Guinea.

1943 The mass evacuation of a million civilians from Hamburg is ordered after the recent heavy bombings.

Army Group A launches counter attacks to improve its positions along the Mius River.

As Blitz Week continues, US Eighth Air Force bombs Kiel and Warnemünde, while RAF returns to battered Hamburg.

1944 The last of a series of RAF bombing raids on Stuttgart that kill 900 and leave 100,000 homeless takes place.

The Red Army reaches to the Baltic coast to the West of Riga, thereby cutting Army Group North off in Estonia and Eastern Latvia.

The Orote Peninsula is secured on Guam.

1945 After having delivered the atomic bomb to Tinian, cruiser USS Indianapolis is sunk by Japanese sub I-58 off Leyte, and is not missed for days. Only 316 of 1196 men will survive the shark-infested waters.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 27 WWII Today: May 27 Words at War: Your School, Your Children