Archive for the ‘WWII History’ Category
1940 Britain reduces passenger train service due to coal shortage.
1941 Third and final day of Swansea Blitz (Luftwaffe bombing of Swansea, Wales): 230 killed, but docks and facilities are undamaged.
1942 Convoy ON-166 (60 ships) sailing from Britain to North America, is attacked in the North Atlantic by 19 U-boats from wolfpacks Ritter and Knappen between the 21st and 26th February. 14 allied ships are lost for 87,901 tons. 4 U-boats U-225, U-606, U-529, U623 were sunk during the battle.
House of Representatives begins hearings about removal of Japanese-Americans from West Coast.
German spy Bernard Julius Otto Kuehn convicted of espionage for sending information about Pearl Harbor to the Japanese before and during the attack.
1943 The 25th Anniversary of the creation of the Red Army is celebrated in all allied countries.
1944 U.S. Marines complete the capture of Eniwetok Atoll, suffering 339 dead.
Hideki Tojo becomes chief of staff of the Japanese army.
1945 The 1st Ukrainian Front captures Guben.
The US 8th Air Force bombs Nurnberg with over 1,000 bombers.
The British 2nd Division establishes another Irrawaddy bridgehead, while the British 36th Division breaks through at Myitson, in northern Burma. Meanwhile further British forces cross the Irrawaddy in central Burma.
Off Iwo Jima, Japanese kamikazes sink US escort carrier Bismarck Sea and damage the Aircraft Carriers Saratoga and Lunga Point.
US Sixth Army secures Bataan Peninsula on Luzon.
Scottish Olympic runner Eric Liddell (memorialized in Chariots of Fire) dies in Japanese internment camp in China, where he had served as a missionary.Take a look at these other WWII Posts:WWII Today: August 19 WWII Today: September 13 WWII Today: July 14
1938 Hitler demands self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
1940 General von Falkenhorst is appointed to command the German invasion of Norway.
1941 The Australian Prime Minister, R.G. Menzies arrives in Britain for talks with Churchill.
The United States sends war planes to the Pacific.
1942 Lt. Edward “Butch” O’Hare of USS Lexington shoots down five Japanese planes in six minutes in his F4F Wildcat over Rabaul, becoming the first US Navy ace of war, receives Medal of Honor.
First US Eighth Air Force officers arrive in England.
Japanese forces land on the Portuguese Island of Timor.
Japanese troops having suffered heavy casualties over the past few weeks from battle and disease, begin to slacken their pressure in Bataan. President Quezon of the Philippines leaves for Australia in a US submarine.
1943 Fierce fighting in continues in central Tunisia after the German breakout through the Kasserine Pass, but further offensive operations by the Afrika Korps are halted in order for them to withdraw to the Mareth line.
1944 ‘Big Week’ rolls on with the largest ever daylight raid of war by the USAAF on Germany as 970 bombers carry out attacks against Hamburg,
Leipzig and Braunschweig. The RAF pound Stuttgart with 2,000-tons of bombs.
A ferry boat, carrying the remaining ‘Heavy Water’ production from Telemark in Norway, back to Germany for safety is sabotaged and sunkÂ on Lake Tinnsjo.
The Admiralty announces an 11-day battle with U-boats in Straits of Gibraltar, during which three ships are sunk and several damaged.
U.S. carrier-based and land-based planes destroy the Japanese base at Rabaul.
1945 US Marines take Airfield 1 on Iwo Jima.
The RAF launch the first of 36 consecutive night raids on Berlin.
Red Army attacks against the lines of Army Group Courland fail in the face of stubborn German resistance.Take a look at these other WWII Posts:WWII Today: September 25 Words at War: Lost Island WWII Today: February 7