Archive for the ‘WWII History’ Category

Sep 06

World War II Today: September 6

1939 General Smuts wins cabinet battle in South Africa and declares war on Germany.

German troops advancing through Poland occupy the former German industrial area of Upper Silesia.

German troops take Krakow, Poland.

1940 The Luftwaffe bring to a close the third phase of their air offensive, having lost 308 aircraft in the last 2 weeks. However, the RAF have suffered 273 fighter losses and suffered extensive damage to their airfields and ground control systems. The official start of the London Blitz is initiated by the Germans, as they intentionally bomb the capital.

British naval blockade lifted on all French colonies supporting General de Gaulle.

King Carol of Romania abdicates the throne to his son, Michael and appoints Marshal Antonescu head of state.

1941 Germany announces that all Jews living in the country will have to begin wearing a Star of David.

Hitler’s War Directive No. 35 orders the capture of Moscow after the Ukraine operation has been completed.

The Vilna Ghetto is established containing 40,000 Jews.

The Japanese decide to be fully prepared for war by the end of October.

1942 The 4th Gebirgsjeager division of the 17th Army captures the Black Sea naval base of Novorossiysk, while six Axis divisions cross the Straits of Kerch to Taman. Heavy house-to-house fighting continues in the centre of Stalingrad.

Rommel is back to the positions held on the 31st August, having lost 51 tanks (out of 515), 70 guns, 400 trucks and 2,865 men. The Eighth Army losses were 1,640 men and 68 tanks.

Australians force total Japanese evacuation of Milne Bay, with just 1,000 troops surviving to be evacuated.

1943 A conference of 48 Republican governors, senators and congressmen convene at the Mackinac Island resort between the upper and lower peninsulas of Michigan under the chairmanship of Sen. Arthur Vandenberg to hammer out a post-war foreign policy for the party. The meeting discards the isolationist stance that Republicans adopted following World War I and adopts a cautious internationalism.

The Red Army succeeds in separating Army Group Centre from Army Group South.

The United States asks the Chinese Nationals to join with the Communists to present a common front to the Japanese.

1944 Victory in the ‘Battle of London’ is proclaimed after 80 days of V1 bombardment with over 8,000 flying-bombs launched, with approximately 2,300 reaching London.

Germany launches first V-2 in combat, toward the Paris suburbs. The V-2 is the world’s first true ballistic missile.

The Canadians surround Calais, trapping the German garrison. Liege falls to British troops, while the U.S. First Army pushes East through Belgium, crossing Meuse. Ghent and Courtrai are liberated.

The Russians occupy Turnu-Severin on the Danube in Romania and advance to the Yugoslav border. They also reach the eastern Carpathians.

1945 Japanese forces in Southwest Pacific surrender aboard HMS Glory.

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Sep 05

World War II Today: September 5

1939 President Roosevelt declares US neutrality and upholds ban on export of weapons.

The US establishes Neutrality Patrol to monitor military operations in western hemisphere and declares Neutrality Zone 300 miles off east coast.

French forces begin a limited offensive towards Saarbrucken.

Under the relentless pressure by the Wehrmacht, the Polish Army withdraws behind the Vistula river, but the German troops gain bridgeheads on the opposite bank.

1940 An irate Hitler orders a new offensive by the Luftwaffe against Britain with no regard for the civilian population.

London is set as the primary target, after the RAF for the first time makes several night raids on Berlin, causing many civilian casualties. Air raids continue over Southeast England with a hospital in Kent being hit, killing 23 patients and two nurses.

August civilian casualty figures announced at 1,075 killed and 1.261 seriously injured.

King Carol II of Romania is forced to give full powers to Fascist General Ion Antonescu. Rioting by fascists in Romania destroys Jewish businesses.

Japanese troops enter French Indochina without permission; Vichy France suspends talks.

1941 British release General Dentz, after Vichy releases British POWs in Syria.

1943 The Eighth Army captures San Stefano, 10 miles inland in Calabria, Italy.

US paratroops land behind the Japanese positions at Lae, surrounding about 20,000 Japanese troops.

1944 The US Ninth Army activated in France under Lieutenant General William Simpson.

The  First use of Douglas A-26 Invader light bomber in combat (by US Ninth Air Force in England).

Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France.

The U.S. 3rd Army crosses the Meuse as the British reach Ghent.

The Russians declare war on Bulgaria.

A German-Hungarian counterattack in the area of Klausenburg in Romania fails.

1945 British land in Singapore.

“Tokyo Rose,” Japanese-American Iva Toguri D’Aquino, is arrested in Yokohama for her radio broadcasts meant to demoralize US troops.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts:WWII Today: July 12 WWII Today: July 3 WWII Yank Pin Up: Evelyn Ankers 

Sep 04

World War II Today: September 4

1939 The RAF attacks German shipping at Wilhelmshaven, Cuxhaven and Schillig Roads, with negligible results (7 out of 30 Wellington bombers are shot down by German fighters and Anti-Aircraft).

The German 3rd Army and 4th Army join in the Corridor and re-establish the land connection between East Prussia and the Reich that was severed in 1919 as a result of the Versailles Treaty. German troops cross the River Pilica in southern Poland. The German successes in Poland are beginning to wear down the Polish armies, which are now becoming isolated from one another, making the mounting of coordinated counter-attacks increasingly difficult. At Bydgoszcz, a thousand Poles are murdered, including several dozen Boy Scouts who are shot against a wall by German troops.

1940 Hitler opens Winter Relief Campaign with a speech claiming that ‘the last island in Europe will be broken’.

Hitler vows to eradicate British cities.

The commander at the RAF field at Biggin Hill blows up his own hangars to stop Luftwaffe raids.

America First Committee (isolationist) is established in Chicago, originating with Yale students, for the purpose of keeping the United States out of World War II.

1941 U-652 attacks the US destroyer Greer off Iceland after being tracked and harassed by it. As a result of U652’s attack on the US destroyer Greer, President Roosevelt warns German and Italian vessels that from now on, if they enter the Pan-American security zone, they do so at there own risk.

Finns refuse to advance on Leningrad.

1942 Soviet planes bomb Budapest in the war’s first air raid on the Hungarian capital.

1943 The Australians land in force to the East of Lae on North coast of New Guinea.

1944 The British 11th Armored Division takes Antwerp and the docks undamaged.

Allied air forces start operation ‘Ratweek’ to hinder the German retreat from Balkans.

The Russian and Finnish governments agree on and implement a cease-fire. The Germans have to leave Finland by the 15th September.

1945 Emperor Hirohito asks his people to co-operate in setting up a peaceful state.

Japanese troops on Wake Island surrender to a detachment of the United States Marine Corps.

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Sep 03

World War II Today: September 3

1939 The official beginning of World War 2: After Germany rejects the Anglo-French ultimatum of September 1st, which called for the withdrawal of all German forces from Poland, Britain and France declare war on Germany at 11am.

The Kriegsmarine begins its campaign against British merchant shipping with 17 U-boats putting to sea out of a total of about 57 operational boats, far fewer than the 300 Dönitz had felt he needed to succeed against Britain.

The British passenger ship Athenia is sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic, with 30 Americans among those killed. American Secretary of State Cordell Hull warns Americans to avoid travel to Europe unless absolutely necessary.

An RAF Blenheim bomber of 139 Squadron conducts the RAF’s first operational sortie of the war when it flew over to Germany to check shipping in the Schillig Roads. With a frozen radio, it was unable to transmit any information back to base and by the time it landed it was too late to mount an attack that day. Later that night, Whitley bombers conduct an number of leaflet dropping sorties over Germany.

55 Polish peasants are rounded up and shot at Truskolasy by the Nazis.

The Australian Prime Minister, R.G. Menzies broadcasts that Australia is now at war with Germany.

1940 The US Congress finally agrees to the handing over of 50 old destroyers in return for 99 year leases of British Naval bases in Antigua, St. Lucia, Trinidad, British Guiana the Bahamas, Jamaica and Argentia.

German invasion of Britain, Operation Sealion, is set for the 21st September.

Romania is forced to cede Transylvania to Hungary and Dobrudja to Bulgaria under the Vienna award.

Dutch government-in-exile forms in London under Pieter Gerbrandy.

1941 Gas chambers at Auschwitz in Poland are used for first time, using Zyklon B, which was basically Hydrogen Cyanide.

1942 The defenders of Leningrad launch an attack in a vain attempt to meet the relief forces. The pincers of the 6th Army and 4th Panzer Army finally meet up to the west of Stalingrad at Pitomnik. The Germans now attempted to break into Stalingrad from the west, but were unable to do so because of limited Red Army counter-attacks against his flanks, which diverted a significant proportion of his forces. Luftflotte 4 continues its round-the-clock air attacks against Stalingrad.

The RAF makes a record number of sorties in North Africa as desert battle rages. Rommel’s withdrawal is speeded up by heavy New Zealand pressure.

1943 The new Italian government under Marshal Badoglio signs an armistice with the allies in secret. This allows the allies to launch Operation ‘Baytown’, the invasion of mainland Italy. The British Eighth Army crosses the Strait of Messina unmolested.

1944 A National Day of Prayer is declared in Britain on fifth anniversary of outbreak of war.

British Empire casualties are revealed as 242,995 killed, 80,603 missing, 311,500 wounded and 290,381 captured.

The British Second Army liberates Brussels.

The U.S. First Army takes Tournai. French and U.S. forces enter Lyons.

Field Marshal von Rundstedt assumes command of the German armies in the West.

Wake Island and other strategic targets in Pacific are strafed by U.S. Navy aircraft for two days, during which 13 Japanese ships are reported sunk.

Anne Frank and family are deported from Amsterdam to concentration camps.

1945 General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, surrenders to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio.

The famous Van Eyck altarpiece is returned to Ghent, Belgium.

Japanese forces on Wake and in the Caroline and Bonin Islands surrender.

ETO World Series opens in the old Hitler Youth stadium in Nuremberg, with racially integrated American teams.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts:WWII Today: August 4 WWII Today: September 1 WWII Today: July 4

Sep 02

World War II Today: September 2

1939 National Service Act passed in Britain.

Hitler indicates to the Britain and France that he would withdraw from Poland provided that he was allowed to retain Danzig and the Polish Corridor. This was dismissed and a joint ultimatum was given to Germany to withdraw her troops from Poland within twelve hours or find herself at war with Britain and France.

Sweden issues a declaration of neutrality. German Ministers at Stockholm, Sweden, and Oslo, Norway, give a declaration that Germany would respect the integrity of Sweden and Norway.

Failure of a last-minute effort by Mussolini to find a peaceful solution of the German-Polish conflict.

The Luftwaffe raids Warsaw. German troops capture the Jablunka pass in the Tatra mountains. Fighting continued for the strategic island of Westerplatte at the mouth of the Vistula River. A massive attack was launched by 60 Stuka divebombers of the II and III Stukageschwader Immelmann directed at crushing the island garrison. The air assault was not directly followed up by a German attack from the ground and the Poles were able to reorganize their defenses. German aircraft bomb railway station at Kolo, killing 111 refugees.

The Germans start construction of Stutthof concentration camp in which 65,000 Polish Christians will ultimately perish.

1940 Air attacks continue on London.

“Destroyers for Bases”: Roosevelt and Churchill agree to trade 50 old US destroyers for 99-year leases on British bases in Bahamas, Antigua, Trinidad, Jamaica, British Guiana, St. Lucia, as well as land in Bermuda and Newfoundland; Roosevelt bypasses Congress in the deal.

1941 RAF daylight raids on Occupied Europe miss only 19 days in August and September.

General Sir Claude Auchinleck issues his first directive in respect to the forthcoming British Offensive, ‘Operation Crusader’, by ordering General Sir Alan Cunningham to produce a plan for the relief of Tobruk and the re-conquest of Cyrenaica.

1943 A special order of the day from Stalin announces the Russian victories on Voronezh, Bryansk, Donets and Sea of Azov fronts.

1944 The launching of V1’s from France ceases.

The allies cross into Belgium.

The Germans begin to evacuate the Aegean Islands.

1945 The formal Japanese surrender takes place aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

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WWII Today: July 17 WWII Today: May 26 WWII Today: June 13

Sep 01

World War II Today: September 1 – Germany Invades Poland

1939

World War II Begins

Three German Army Groups begin the invasion of Poland at 4:45am. Massive strikes by the Luftwaffe destroy vital communications and assembly areas, decimating the Polish air force on the ground. Panzer and motorised divisions make deep penetrations into the Polish defences, using tactics soon to be known as the Blitzkrieg. Officially, the first shots of the war are fired from the 280mm deck guns of the vintage First World War Battleship Schleswig-Holstein. Under the guise of honoring the anniversary of the Battle of Tannenburg, the German Battleship, complete with a hidden cargo of Marine assault troops, was allowed by the Poles to anchor directly off the strategic island of Westerplatte, located at the mouth of the Vistula River in Danzig. At 4:47am, permission was given to the ship to open fire on the island, a strategic point on the Baltic Coast needed to support the troops advancing to the south. Shortly after 4:47am, the ship opened up its massive main guns, firing at near-point-blank range and zero elevation. Needless-to-say, the shells literally pounded the small island, but although the ships guns devastated the target, they inflicted minimal casualties on the Poles stationed within. When the Assault Marines hidden within the Battleship disembarked and launched their main assault on the island, they were repulsed after taking heavy casualties. Another assault was launched later in the morning, again by the Assault Marines, after more shelling from the Schleswig-Holstein, but this attack also ended in heavy German casualties. The Westerplatte would prove impossible to take on the first day of World War 2.

Britain and France, instead of immediately declaring war against Germany look to Mussolini who had proposed an international conference to revise the Versailles treaty terms. In Britain and France general mobilization declared.

Norway’s King Haakon VI proclaims the neutrality of his country. Finland declares strict neutrality.

Denmark issues a declaration of neutrality.

Lieutenant Wladyslaw Gnys of 2 Krakow Air Regiment shoots down two Dornier 17 Bombers. These were to be the first German airplanes to be shot down in World War 2.

Jews in Germany are forbidden to be outdoors after 8 p.m. in winter and 9 p.m. in summer.

1940 Destroyer Ivanhoe hits mine and sinks off Dutch coast, second to go down there in two days.

1941 German Jews ordered to wear yellow stars.

1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.

The Germans claim to have reached the Black Sea in the Caucasus, while units of the 1st Panzer Army form a bridgehead across the Terek river at Mozdok.

The war enters its fourth year. Four-fifths of the world’s population is actively involved in the fighting or under the occupation of the axis powers.

1944 The British XII Corps crosses the Somme and the Canadians liberate Dieppe. American troops of Patton’s Third Army take Verdun. American troops start their attack to capture the strategic port city of Brest which the Germans have turned into a fortress.

The British government announces that Gen. Bernard L. Montgomery has been appointed field marshal. While nominally a promotion, the new rank is meant to salve the blow to Montgomery’s pride at being superseded by Eisenhower as commander of the land battle in Western Europe.

Gurkha units from the British Eighth Army storm Tavoleto.

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Aug 31

World War II Today: August 31

1939 The British fleet is put on full alert.

1940 RAF’s worst day in Battle of Britain: most bases out of action, 41 planes lost.

RAF 303 Squadron (Polish) flies first patrol and makes first kill.

Weekly rations in Vichy France now 4oz of sugar, 6oz spaghetti, 1.5oz rice and 3oz margarine per person.

1941 German Army Group South manages to move some of 17th Army across the Dnieper river Southeast of Kremenchuk.

British forces reach Hamadan, Iran and have now secured the Persian Gulf and its vital oilfields.

1942 Rommel begins his final attempt to break through at El Alamein in the battle of Alam Halfa. However, the 15th Panzer Division fails to break through the 8th Army’s lines and sustains heavy casualties losing about 30 tanks forcing the Germans to withdraw back to their start lines. (MORE INFO)

1,200 Japanese reinforcements landed on Guadalcanal by ‘Tokyo Express’.

The US aircraft-carrier Saratoga is attacked and damaged by a Japanese submarine near Santa Cruz.

1943 The RAF again pound Berlin (over 600 bombers) with more than 1,000 tons dropped, killing about 5,000 civilian’s.

Hitler allows Manstein to make limited withdrawals in Ukraine.

The Japanese submarine I-8, reaches France after a marathon voyage from Penang in Malaya.

A U.S. carrier task force bombs Marcus I., Micronesia.

The government lifts its ban on “pleasure driving.” Police had previously been able to stop cars at random and ask drivers their destination and purpose. I a patrolman wasn’t happy with a driver’s answer, he could confiscate the driver’s gas ration stamps.

1944 The British 11th Armored Division captures Amiens and take the German bridge across the Somme in surprise attack. Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne and Nice all taken. The U.S. Third Army reaches the river Meuse.

The U.S. Fifth Army crosses the Arno while the Eighth Army attacks the Gothic Line in Italy.

The Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captures Bucharest, the capital of Romania and begins to round up members of the ‘Fascist’ Antonescu government.

Aircraft from a U.S. carrier force (Task Force 38) commence a 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and the Bonin Island in the western Caroline’s and Visayas Archipelago, which is the next step to the Philippines.

1945 As U.S. troops release POW’s, many reports of systematic degradation are heard. Tokyo is reported as 85% bomb damaged, although this is not as bad as Berlin. Japanese garrison at Marcus Island surrenders to the Americans.

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Aug 30

World War II Today: August 30

1940 The British Battleship Valiant, the Aircraft Carrier Illustrious and two Cruisers leave Gibraltar bound for Alexandria to reinforce Admiral Cunningham’s Mediterranean fleet.

In an effort to avert war between her allies Romania and Hungary and to secure his southern flank prior to attacking the Soviet Union, Germany and Italy under the second Vienna Award compel Romania to cede large chunks of her territory to Hungary and Bulgaria, in exchange for a German guarantee of security for the rump Romanian state.

Vichy France signs Matsuoka-Henry Pact allowing Japan to station troops in French Indochina and to use airfields, ports, and railroads (ratified 9/22/40).

1941 Manufacturers in the United States complain to the government that they are making do without steel in order to supply the British war needs, while the British continue to export steel to South American countries.

The German 20th Panzer division destroys the northern Front’s already broken Soviet 48th Army, and takes the town of Mga, 40 kms to the Southeast of Leningrad. Nazi forces began a siege of Leningrad during World War II that lasted nearly two and a half years.

1942 The formal annexation of Luxembourg to Reich leads to a general strike. Use of French accents in the written Luxembourg dialect is now liable to fines.

With the Punishment Battalions as rear guards, the Soviet 62nd and parts of 64th Army escapes encirclement by the 48th Panzer Corps and withdraw across the Chervlennaya river.

U.S. Naval and Army forces occupy Adad, Aleutian Is. for an air and naval base.

Chinese claim the recapture of the whole of Kiangsi, which was captured in last Japanese offensive.

1943 An air battle between 44 USAAF P-38s and 75 Luftwaffe fighters commences above Italy. The the P-38s were escorting a large formation of B-26s on their way to bomb marshaling yards at Aversa. The Americans lose 13 aircraft and shoot down 9 Axis aircraft, thus allowing the B-26s to make an unmolested bombing run to their target, where they cause extreme damage without loss.

The Danish Prime Minister, Scavenius refuses to serve under the Germans.

Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is evacuated by the Germans.

1944 The U.S. 3rd Army, whose 4th Armored Division is already at Troyes is ordered to continue East until the tanks run dry and from that point, to advance on foot, in order to get across the Meuse river.

Canadian Armored forces with the British 8th Army attack west of Pesaro. Without supporting artillery, they are beaten back by the Germans, who destroy or badly damage 32 of the 50 tanks engaged in the attack. German troops withdraw from Bulgaria.

Ploesti, the center of the Romanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.

1945 General Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan and makes Yokosuka the Supreme Allied Command Headquarters.

A Royal Naval force takes Hong Kong as marines clash with Japanese suicide detachments.

U.S. occupation of Japan begins, 11th Airborne Division lands at Atsugi airfield and 4th Marine Regiment lands at Kurihama naval base at Yokosuka and report ‘obsequious bows and smiles’ from soldiers and civilians. Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupation headquarters.

Two Japanese submarines, the largest in the world (5,500 tons), surrender in Sagami Bay after completing their first and only operational trip.

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Aug 29

World War II Today: August 29

1940 Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.

Vichy France agree to Japanese demands that they be allowed to station forces in northern Indochina.

First mass jump by US paratroopers, at Fort Benning, GA.

1941 Despite protests, Vichy parliament moves to holiday resort in the hills.

Germany and the Soviet Union suffer heavy casualties at Leningrad. Public opinion in the United States is summed up by Missouri senator Harry Truman, who says, “If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia, and if we see that Russia is winning, we ought to help Germany.”

Russians evacuate Karelian Isthmus to Leningrad. The Finnish troops capture Vyborg and are now only 30 miles North of Leningrad.

Cease-fire in Iran—USSR & Britain occupy.

1942 Japanese warships begin to evacuate Milne Bay.

The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.

1943 Martial law is declared in Denmark and the Danish Royal Family are ‘isolated’ by the Germans.

1944 American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris as the French capital continued to celebrate its liberation from the Nazis.

The British begin the ‘Race for Amiens’. U.S. troops liberate Soissons, 60 miles Northeast of Paris. Montelimar is taken by the French who also cross the Rhone in several places. The Canadians enter Rouen.

The Russians capture the Romanian oilfields at Ploiesti and enter Hungarian occupied Transylvania. An uprising begins in Slovakia against the pro-German government of Dr. Tiso.

1945 The lists of the first war criminals to be tried at Nuremberg are drawn up by a ‘Four Power’ Commission of Prosecutors in London. Goring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Dr Ley, Rosenberg, Dr Frank, Streicher, Keitel, Dr Funk, von Shirach, Dr Schacht, Sauckel, Prof Speer, Bormann, von Papen, Jodl, Krupp, Raeder, Donitz, Baron von Neurath, Seyss-Inquart and Frische are all named.

The Russians announce the capture of 513,000 prisoners in the Manchurian campaign.

The Soviets shoot down a B29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea.

U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.

First Allied POWs in Japan are liberated, from Camp Omori, by US Navy forces.

The United States ends military draft.

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Aug 28

World War II Today: August 28

1940 Vichy French radio announces that laws protecting Jews in France have been dropped.

Alter the ‘voluntary dissolution of all political parties’, President Konoye of Japan announces structure to ‘unite the total energies of the state and people.’

Luftwaffe makes first night bombing raid over Britain. RAF bombs

Berlin, killing ten, the first Germans killed by bombing in Berlin.

USS American Legion arrives in New York carrying Crown Princess Martha of Norway and a Swedish Bofors 40-mm naval antiaircraft gun to be considered by the US Navy.

1941 The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph.

German occupation forces in France round up and imprison hundreds of French citizens after an assassination attempt on pro-German politician Pierre Laval. Laval has been shot at a rally in Versailles, where he is recruiting Frenchmen to fight alongside Germans on the Russian front.

Menzies resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is replaced McFadden, who under pressure from his political opposition demands from the British, the relief of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk in Libya.

After demands from the Australian Prime Minister, the British agree to relieve the remainder of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk.

1942 A massive RAF raid against Nuremberg is launched, killing 4,000 civilians and destroying over 10,000 houses.

Germans break through South west of Stalingrad but are held to the north.

A Japanese seaplane catapulted from submarine I-25 and drops firebombs on forests in Oregon, USA.

Japanese daylight attempt to reinforce Guadalcanal fails due to US air attack; they turn to nighttime missions, dubbed the “Tokyo Express” by the Americans.

First school for WAVES officers opens at Smith College in Northampton, MA (USS Northampton); 125 women are commissioned in “fast-track” one-month course.

Off Haiti, US PBY Catalina and Canadian corvette Oakville capture German sub U-94, but sub sinks; this loss will lead the Germans to withdraw Type VII U-boats from Caribbean and Gulf.

1943 The Danish government refuse a German ultimatum, as the sabotage campaign reaches a crescendo.

The Bulgarian King, Boris III dies under mysterious circumstances.

1944 U.S. troops cross the Marne and take Meaux, 30 miles East of Paris. The last German garrison at Marseilles surrenders to the French, who take 37,000 prisoners for 4,000 French casualties.

The British 36th Division takes Pinbaw, in northern Burma, during a monsoon advance from Mogaung.

1945 The Japanese sign the surrender agreement in Rangoon.

B29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.

Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.

First US troops arrive in Japan: 24 C-47 cargo planes land unopposed at Atsugi Field outside Tokyo with 150 troops of the US 11th Airborne to establish an air base.

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WW2 Quote Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto