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Oct 25

World War II Today: October 25

1939
U-boats sink four more British ships.

1940
While bombing Chungking, China, Japanese bombs accidentally almost hit US embassy and US gunboat Tutuila, causing an international incident.

Benjamin O. Davis Sr. becomes the first black general in the US Army.

Benjamin O. Davis Sr. becomes the first black general in the US Army (father of Benjamin Davis Jr., who would lead the Tuskegee Airmen and in 1954 would become the USAF’s first black general).

1941
US condemns Nazi practice of killing innocent civilians in reprisal for partisan activities.

1942
Germans capture two more streets in Stalingrad with severe losses. The last German offensive in the Caucasus begins.

Montgomery switches the attack to the North. Rommel breaks off his sick leave to take charge of the critical situation in which the axis forces now find themselves.

German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel returns to Battle of El Alamein in Egypt after medical treatment in Germany.

On Guadalcanal, Japanese attack Lunga perimeter and at the Matanikau River, but are repulsed.

1943
Burma-Siam “Death Railway” completed by Allied POWs and natives (93,000 killed in its construction).

Japanese withdraw from Finschhafen area of New Guinea.

1944
Russians troops take the German base of Kirkenes in Norway.

The Red Army completes its capture of Transylvania in northwestern Romania.

The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world’s largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorts to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters. By the end of the war, Japan will have sent an estimated 2,257 aircraft. “The only weapon I feared in the war,” Adm. Halsey will say later.

World War II Today: October 25 - Leyte Gulf Kamikaze

1945
Japanese forces on Formosa (Taiwan) surrender to Chiang Kai-shek at Taipei City.

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