Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.
Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.
Start of a counter-offensive by the British Army against the Italian forces that have advanced into Egypt.
Germany expels 180,000 Frenchmen from the recently-annexed Alsace-Lorraine region of France.
Neville Chamberlain, the former British prime minister, dies from cancer at the age of 71.
Germans capture Yalta in Crimea.
Royal Navy Surface Force K from Malta annihilates an Italian convoy of seven supply ships and sinks two destroyers.
Naval battles off Oran and Casablanca, result in three French destroyers being sunk.
US troops advance on both sides of Oran, taking 2,000 French prisoners after stiff resistance. German paratroops are landed in Tunisia without opposition from the French.
German planes transport troops to El Aouina Airfield in French Tunisia to combat Allied landings in Algeria.
Germans force Danish King Christian to appoint pro-Nazi Erik Scavenius as prime minister.
German spy Werner Janowski is landed by U-boat U-518 at New Carlisle, Quebec, but is arrested within hours on a tip from a suspicious hotel clerk.
General Charles de Gaulle is named president of the French Committee of National Liberation, the “Free French,” in the wake of the resignation of General Henri Giraud.
The last Germans on Walcheren surrender. German forces evacuate the Moerdijk bridgehead across the Meuse river.
Total U.S. war casualties are now reported to have passed the 500,000 mark.