World War II Today: January 17

World War II Today: January 17 - Enigma MachineIn Paris, Polish cryptographers break Luftwaffe Enigma code.

During the night, the Italians evacuate Kassala and Gallalabat in the Sudan.

Battle of Ko Chang: Vichy French battle Thai incursions into Indochina and defeat them in naval battle in Gulf of Siam.

The last German garrison at Halfaya in Cyrenaica surrenders, with about 5,500 prisoners taken.

Field Marshal Walther von Reichenau of German Army Group South dies of stroke.

British and South African troops take Halfaya Pass on Egyptian border and 5500 Axis POWs.

Off Murmansk, German U-boat U-454 sinks British destroyer Matabele in convoy PQ-8, first U-boat group action against an Allied Arctic convoy.

US Naval Base and Naval Air Station, Brisbane, Australia is established.

For the first time, a nurse participates in air evacuation, accompanying patients from India to Washington DC.

British 10 Corps crosses lower Garigliano River in Italy. US secures Arawe area on New Britain in the Solomons.

Russians forces cross the Warthe and advance 100-miles on a 160-mile front forcing the Germans to evacuate Warsaw, which falls that same day. The German defenders encircled at Budapest withdraw to Buda on the western bank of the Danube.

The Red Army captures Czenstochova.

Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who saved tens of thousands of Jews, is detained by the Soviets in Budapest, Hungary and disappears.

Nazis lead 66,000 prisoners from Auschwitz on a death march to Germany.

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