U39 attacks a battle group led by the Aircraft Carrier, HMS Ark Royal. She fires torpedo’s at theÂ carrier, but these miss. 3 Destroyer’s of the Ark Royal’s escort, launch an immediate counter-attackÂ against U39 and sink her with depth charges. U39 gains the dubious honour of becoming the first U-boat toÂ be sunk in the war.
Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act, providing for the first peacetime draft in U.S.Â history.
Hitler again postpones operations ‘Sea-lion’. This time till the 27th September, the last day of theÂ month with suitable tides.
Army Group Centre completes the encirclement of two Soviet armies at Kiev.
Rommel launches a probing operation with the 21st Panzer Division towards Sidi Barrani in the belief thatÂ a British fuel dump was located there. The British forces begin to fall back.
Counter-attacks by the Soviet 62nd Army in Stalingrad fails as the 6th Army renews its attack againstÂ Stalingrad. The Soviet 62nd Army is hemmed into a narrow strip of land no more than 10 miles at itsÂ widest and 4 miles as its narrowest. However, a shortage of troops meant that the 6th Army could onlyÂ attack on very narrow frontages. Couple this to the fact that the 6th Army was fighting in built-upÂ areas, meant that progress was slow and losses high. Even so, the 51st Corps advanced toward the innerÂ city and the Central Station.
Heavy fighting continues in the Salerno bridgehead, with another German counter-attack. A U.S. paratroopÂ battalion is dropped behind German lines. French commandos land in Corsica to help patriots fighting theÂ Germans. British Special Boat Squadron occupies Kos in Aegean.
The Germans begin to evacuate Bryansk, some 200 miles Southwest of Moscow.
Russian troops reach the Vistula river in the Praga suburb of Warsaw, as planes drop supplies to theÂ Polish Home Army which is trapped inside the city. Three Russian Baltic fronts launch an offensive withÂ 900,000 men, 3,000 tanks and 2,600 aircraft against Army Group North which is forced to fall back toÂ defensive positions around Riga.
The French battle fleet enters Toulon.