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Jan 01

World War II Today: January 1

1940
Conscription extended to 20 – 27 in Britain.

1941
Hitler, in his New Year’s order of the day to the German armed forces, promises “…completion, on the Western Front, of the greatest victory in our history…”

The Western Desert Force is renamed as the XIII Corps.

World War II Today: January 1

Arcadia Conference, Washington DC, 1 Jan 1942 (US Government photo)

1942
British forces take Bardia, along with 8,000 Axis prisoners.

Roosevelt and Churchill sign the “Declaration by the United Nations” at the Arcadia Conference in Washington; 24 other Allied nations will sign it, promising not to seek a separate peace.

US discontinues automobile manufacturing for civilian sale for the duration; 500,000 remain in stock.

The Rose Bowl held at Duke in Durham NC due to ban on large gatherings on the West Coast (Oregon State defeats Duke 20-16).

1943
The 1st Panzer Army in the Caucasus begin withdrawing from the Terek front to avoid being cut off by Soviet forces attacking from the northeast toward Rostov-on-Don.

In Rose Bowl, Georgia beats UCLA 9-0 in both schools’ first appearance in Rose Bowl and UCLA’s first bowl game.

1944
Field Marshal Rommel is appointed C-in-C of Army Group B, the German forces in France north of the Loire river.

General Mark Clark takes over the U.S. Seventh Army in addition to the command of the U.S. Fifth Army.

Gen. Alexander Vandegrift replaces Gen. Thomas Holcomb as commandant, US Marine Corps.

The US penny production switched from steel to an alloy with copper from used shell casings.

1945
Germans launch Nordwind offensive against US Seventh and French Armies into Alsace toward Strasbourg, and 900 Luftwaffe aircraft strafe Allied air bases in France and Belgium, destroying 200 aircraft but losing 300.

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