Home PageWWII HistoryWorld War II Today: August 31

The British fleet is put on full alert.

British claim 293 German aircraft shot down in the past week for loss of 113 British planes.

Weekly rations in Vichy France now 4oz of sugar, 6oz spaghetti, 1.5oz rice and 3oz margarine per person.

German Army Group South manages to move some of 17th Army across the Dnieper river Southeast of Kremenchuk.

British forces reach Hamadan, Iran and have now secured the Persian Gulf and its vital oilfields.

Rommel begins his final attempt to break through at El Alamein in the battle of Alam Halfa. However, the 15th Panzer Division fails to break through the 8th Army’s lines and sustains heavy casualties losing about 30 tanks forcing the Germans to withdraw back to their start lines. (MORE INFO)

1,200 Japanese reinforcements landed on Guadalcanal by ‘Tokyo Express’.

The US aircraft-carrier Saratoga is attacked and damaged by a Japanese submarine near Santa Cruz.

The RAF again pound Berlin (over 600 bombers) with more than 1,000 tons dropped, killing about 5,000 civilian’s.

Hitler allows Manstein to make limited withdrawals in Ukraine.

The Japanese submarine I-8, reaches France after a marathon voyage from Penang in Malaya.

A U.S. carrier task force bombs Marcus I., Micronesia.

The government lifts its ban on “pleasure driving.” Police had previously been able to stop cars at random and ask drivers their destination and purpose. I a patrolman wasn’t happy with a driver’s answer, he could confiscate the driver’s gas ration stamps.

The British 11th Armored Division captures Amiens and take the German bridge across the Somme in surprise attack. Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne and Nice all taken. The U.S. Third Army reaches the river Meuse.

The U.S. Fifth Army crosses the Arno while the Eighth Army attacks the Gothic Line in Italy.

The Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captures Bucharest, the capital of Romania and begins to round up members of the ‘Fascist’ Antonescu government.

Aircraft from a U.S. carrier force (Task Force 38) commence a 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and the Bonin Island in the western Caroline’s and Visayas Archipelago, which is the next step to the Philippines.

As U.S. troops release POW’s, many reports of systematic degradation are heard. Tokyo is reported as 85% bomb damaged, although this is not as bad as Berlin. Japanese garrison at Marcus Island surrenders to the Americans.

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