Posts Tagged ‘WWII October’
1939 Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany.
1940 Mussolini and Hitler meet at the Brenner Pass.
Admiralty announces recent sinking of seven German and two Italian submarines.
1942 A Commando raid on Occupied Sark, in Channel Islands capture’s one German soldier.
The fourth German offensive begins in Stalingrad as the XIV Panzer Corps launches an attack in force to capture the Tractor Factory in the northern part of the city.
1943 Organised British resistance ends on Kos. The French complete their take over of Corsica.
Himmler talks openly about the Final Solution at Posen.
In the only US carrier action in north Atlantic: USS Ranger aircraft attack two German convoys at Bodo, Norway, sink 5 ships.
The Free French secure Corsica.
The first Liberty ship docks at Naples’s wrecked harbor.
1944 German minister of propaganda Joseph Goebbels tells the German public that the Allies are launching an offensive in an attempt to end the war before the November election. The Germans, he says, must use guerrilla tactics, if necessary, to resist their enemies.
The Russian 46th Army is within 10 miles of Belgrade.
The British launch Operation ‘Manna’, and intervene in Greece, with 2nd Airborne Brigade landing at Patras. Other landings take on Crete and other Islands in the Aegean.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: September 15 WWII Today: September 9 WWII Today: February 3
Words At War, the series that brings you radio versions of the leading war book another adaptation of an important war book by Taro Yashima’s book, “The New Sun.”https://www.wwiidogtags.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/1944-02-15NbcWordsAtWar36TheNewSun.mp3 Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Words at War: 83 Days WWII Today: October 1 Words at War: The Log Book
Myrna Williams, later to become Myrna Loy, was born on August 2, 1905 in Radersburg, Montana.Later on her family moved to Helena where she spent her youth. At the age of 13, Myrna’s father died of Spanish Flu and the rest of the family moved to Los Angeles.
She attended the Westlake School for Girls, in Los Angeles, where she caught the acting bug. She started at the age of 15 when she appeared in local stage productions in order to help support her family. Mrs. Rudolph Valentino happened to be in the audience one night who managed to pull some strings to get Myrna some parts in her first movies.
Her first film was a small part in the production of “What Price Beauty?” (1925). Later that same year she appeared in “Pretty Ladies” (1925) along with Joan Crawford.
She was one of the few stars tto start in the silent movies and make a successful transition into the sound era. In the silent films, Myrna would appear as an exotic femme fatale. Later in the sound era, she would become a refined, wholesome character.
Her big break came in 1926, when she appeared in the Warner Brothers film “Satan in Sables” (1925) which landed her a contract. Her first appearance as a contract player was “The Caveman” (1926) where she played a maid. Although she was typecast over and over again as a vamp, Myrna continued to stay busy with small parts. Finally, in 1927, she received star billing in “Bitter Apples”.
When her contract ran out with Warner Brothers she signed with MGM where she landed two classic roles. “The Prizefighter and the Lady” (1933), and the other as Nora Charles in “The Thin Man” (1934) with William Powell. After “The Thin Man” (1934), Myrna would appear in five more in the series. Myrna was now a big box-office draw. So much so that in 1936, she was named Queen of the Movies and Clark Gable the king in a nationwide poll of movie goers. Her popularity was at its zenith.
When war broke out Myrna donned a uniform when she joined the Hollywood Chapter of ‘Bundles for Bluejackets’ – helping to run a Naval Auxiliary Canteen and going on fund raising tours. Myrna set up entertainment programs for military hospitals in the Eastern United States, visiting many hospitals herself, where she was very moved by the plight of the soldiers she saw there.
She continued to make films through the 40s and 50s but the roles were fewer and fewer. By the 1960’s the parts had all but dried up as producers and directors looked elsewhere for talent. In 1960 she appeared in “Midnight Lace” (1960) and was not in another until 1969 in “The April Fools” (1969).
Myrna passed away during surgery, on December 14, 1993, in New York City at the age of 88, she had appeared in a phenomenal 129 motion pictures. She was buried in Helena, Montana.Myrna Loy TRIVIA:
Nickname: Queen of Hollywood The Perfect Wife Queen of the Movies Minnie
Measurements: 35 1/2-26 1/2-33 1/2 (from MGM’s designer Adrian), (Source: Celebrity Sleuth magazine)
Height: 5′ 6″
Spouse: Howland H. Sargeant (1 June 1951 – 31 May 1960) (divorced) Gene Markey (3 January 1946 – 21 August 1950) (divorced) John Hertz Jr. (6 June 1942 – 21 August 1944) (divorced) Arthur Hornblow Jr. (27 June 1936 – 1 June 1942) (divorced)Diana Murphy Bettie Page Lina Romay
1938 Winston Churchill comments to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain about the Munich Agreement; “You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You have chosen dishonor and you will have war.”
1939 The first Poles are imprisoned in Pawiak Prison in Warsaw. Some 100,000 people will undergo Nazi interrogations here, of whom 37,000 will be executed and 60,000 sent to concentration camps.
Act of Panama signed by US and other western hemisphere nations, declaring Pan-American Security Zone, a 300-mile zone of neutrality off coast of Americas (at about 60˚ W).
1941 Army Group Centre launches operation ‘Typhoon’, the main offensive towards Moscow. Hitler tells his troops: ‘Today is the beginning of the last great battle of the year’. Army Group South begins an advance against Kursk and Kharkov.
1943 The RAF launches a very heavy air raid on Munich, which lasts 25 minutes.
The British 2nd Special Service Brigade lands at Termoli on East coast of Italy and links up with troops moving North from Foggia.
The Australian 9th Division captures Finschhafen on New Guinea.
1944 Warsaw falls to the Germans after 63-day siege, with the Polish Home Army surrendering only after all its food and ammunition had run out. The Germans recognize their valor and treat the survivors not as partisans, but as regular POWs.
Martial law is lifted in Hawaii.
The WASP (Women’s Auxiliary Service Pilots) notified of discontinuation of WASP program in December.
1945 General Patton is removed from command for remarks that were allegedly sympathetic to former Nazis.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: August 26 WWII Today: August 7 WWII Today: September 5
1939 In Germany, Karl Dönitz promoted to rear admiral and commander of the submarines.
British men between 20 and 22 are now liable for conscription.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill during a radio broadcast described the Soviet Union as ”a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma”.
German troops enter the devastated city of Warsaw. The Polish garrison on the Hel Peninsula surrenders to the Germans after repeated attacks.
1940 Japanese occupy British concessionary island off Wei-hai-wei, China.
Petrol rationing is introduced in Australia.
1941 The House of Commons votes for the third £1,000M war credit of year.
The Soviet-British-US conference in Moscow concludes with a protocol being signed committing Britain and the USA to supply Russia with 400 aircraft immediately and 500 aircraft per month until the 30th June 1942. There-after the protocol would be renewable annually. Further, both countries undertook to deliver 41,000 tons of Aluminium immediately and 6,000 tons of rubber and 1,500 tons of tin per month. Food and medical supply’s were also included.
1943 The allies capture Naples, although the Germans thoroughly demolish its harbour facilities. Hitler orders a defense of Italy to the South of Rome.
The Australian Government releases men from the army and munitions industry for reallocation within the Australian war effort.
1944 The U.S. First Army begins the siege Aachen, Germany.
The Finnish Army makes an assault landing against German held Tornio, in Gulf of Bothnia.
Monte Battaglia in the Gothic Line is captured by the U.S. Fifth Army after a 4-day battle. The Red Army crosses the Danube into Yugoslavia.
A Secret Hungarian delegation arrives in Moscow to sign an armistice with the Russians.
Canadian forces open campaign to clear the Scheldt Estuary around port of Antwerp, Belgium.
1946 Twelve Nazi war criminals are sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials—Karl Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Captain Ben Dix – October 3, 1943 WWII Today: September 19 Yank Magazine Pin Up: Ramsey Ames Words At War: The Road To Serfdom
Words At War, the series that brings you radio versions of the leading war book another adaptation of an important war book, “Der Fuehrer“ by Konrad Heiden. The “true” story of “The Protocols Of The Elders Of Zion” and a history of “modern” anti-Semitism.https://www.wwiidogtags.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/1944-03-21NbcWordsAtWar41DerFuehrer.mp3
Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 18 Words at War: The 9th Commandment Words at War: The Weeping Wood
1939 Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov boasts: “One swift blow to Poland, first by the German Army and then by the Red Army, and nothing was left of this ugly offspring of the Versailles Treaty!”. He also accuses the British of aggression.
1940 The Battle of Britain is now considered as over by the British Air Ministry.
British civilian casualty figures announced for October: 6,334 killed and 8,695 seriously injured.
British troops occupy Canea in Crete. Italians claim advance towards Salonika in Greece.
RAF bomb Naples for the first time.
1941 The US destroyer Reuben James escorting Convoy HX-156 is sunk by U-552 (Kapitainleutnant Erich Topp) with the loss of 100 of her crew. The destroyer is the first US naval casualty in the hitherto undeclared war between Germany and the United States that existed after President Roosevelt authorized the use of American naval vessels to escort Lend-Lease convoys bound for Britain.
British air raid casualties in October remain low at 262 killed. RAF raid occupied Europe on all but six days with Hamburg and Cologne bombed three times. Dover the only serious British casualty.
The RAF’s Mediterranean raids continue, with Benghazi being bombed 14 times and Tripoli 10 times.
1943 The U.S. Fifth Army resumes its offensive to the North of the Volturno.
1944 The British reach the river Mass, south of Rotterdam and establish a bridgehead. The Canadians reach Walcheren.
25 Mosquitoes make a highly successful low-level attack on the Gestapo HQ in Aarhus, Denmark, killing 200 Gestapo officials and destroying all records on the Dutch resistance movement.
On the orders of Prime Minister Churchill, British troops occupy Saloniki in Greece to assist the new government in its efforts to prevent a take-over by Communist insurgents in the wake of the recent withdrawal of German troops from Greece.Tale a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: June 13 WWII Today: September 2 WWII Today: July 26
1939 German U boat U-56 fails in attack on battleship HMS Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound, and Charles Forbes aboard.
1940 RAF Bomber Command is given its first directive sanctioning area-bombing.
Lt. Gen. Henry H. “Hap” Arnold named as US Acting Deputy Chief of Staff for air (combat).
1941 The worsening weather and seas of mud bring the German offensive against Moscow almost to a standstill. This gives the Red Army precious time to reinforce their defenses in front of Moscow.
German siege of Sevastopol begins.
USO Camp Shows established to entertain troops overseas
1942 The completion of the Alcan Highway is announced–1,671 miles of road connecting Dawson Creek, British Columbia, and Fairbanks, Alaska. The road will be used to transport supplies and troops to U.S. military bases in Alaska.
In Allied convoy SL-125 off West Africa, U-boat wolf-pack sinks six ships; this convoy distracts the U-boats from the approaching convoys for Operation Torch.
At El Alamein, Australians push north to the sea, trapping enemy force, most of which escapes west.
Germans remove 100 Jewish children from a children’s home in Brussels, Belgium for deportation, but public outcry leads to their return.
1944 In the Vosges mountains in France, US 442nd Infantry Regiment (Nisei—Japanese-Americans) rescues the Lost Battalion with heavy losses.
The Debrecen counter attacks end with the Germans claiming that they have inflicted 25,000 casualties and destroyed 600 tanks. However, this doesn’t hinder the Red Army begins a major offensive in to Hungary.
The gas chambers at Auschwitz are used for the last time.
1945 Final Liberty Ship is delivered, the Albert M. Boe; 2711 produced during the war.
US ends shoe rationing, effective at midnight.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: March 8 WWII Today: May 12 WWII Today: June 28 Words at War: My Country: A Poem of America
1940 A blindfolded secretary of war draws the first number – 158 – in the Selective Service draft. (Not all men are willing to register. In one case, a man goes to his draft board posing as his own widow to announce his death.)
British troops set sail for Crete. Italians claim to have made some advances but Greeks hold most positions.
RAF bomb Berlin for 25th time.
Conscription begins in the U.S. It is the first military draft to occur during peacetime in American history.
1941 Germans troops advance in strength, down in to the Crimea, forcing the Russians to fall back in to Sevastopol.
1942 The Germans capture Nalchik in the Caucasus, only 50 miles from the Grozny oil fields.
The US retains control of all their positions on Guadalcanal. An Australian force completes the evacuation of the Templeton Crossing positions in New Guinea.
The Japanese fleet forced to retreat in the Solomons.
German troops under Rommel make a heavy attack against Australians on the northern flank.
US completes construction of Alcan Highway, connecting Alaska to the “Lower Forty-Eight” , officially opened on November 26, 1942
In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.
United States 1st Armored Division moves from Northern Ireland to England.
1943 Troops replace striking London dockworkers.
1944 RAF Lancaster’s attack the Battleship Tirpitz again with 12,000lb. ‘Tallboy’ bombs, this time off Tromso.
Soviets withdraw from Norway and northern Finland.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: September 12 WWII Today: August 13 WWII Today: September 8