Posts Tagged ‘WWII August’
1940 Churchill warns nation against believing rumours that invasion threat is over.
Italian troops under General Guglielmo Nasi invade British Somaliland from Italian Ethiopia.
1941 The Archbishop of Munster gives a sermon in which he calls the Nazi euthanasia program murder. The archbishop is imprisoned in a German concentration camp until the end of the war.
Army Group Centre takes 38,000 Soviet prisoners after the Roslavl battle of encirclement.
1942 Lieutenant Commander Mildred McAfee is named the first director of the WAVES, becomes the first female officer in the US Naval Reserve.
The FBI arrests 89 ‘dangerous aliens’ in USA.
1943 The Red Army launches an offensive from Belgorod area toward Poltava after the failure of Operation Citadel. The Soviet Voronezh and Steppe Fronts penetrate into Army Group South’s left flank forcing the Germans are to retreat.
Gen. George S. Patton slapped a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice.
The Italians begin evacuating Sicily.
1944 Hitler orders a counter-attack against the U.S. troops from east of Avranches, in order to re-establish positions on the coast.
General Stilwell’s troops, the NCAC, with the help of reinforcements, succeed in securing the town of Myitkyina in North Eastern Burma, but the 600 surviving Japanese are evacuated after holding out for 79 days.
Soviet spearheads in the area to the east of Warsaw, are destroyed by German counter attacks.
1945 The USN announce on Guam, that the complete blockade of the Japanese homeland has now been achieved.
Czechoslovakia denies citizenship to ethnic Germans and Hungarians.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 23 WWII Today: June 27 Yamamoto Quote
1940 Montreal mayor Camillien Houde publicly urges Quebecers to not sign up for national registration for war duty.
Lord Beaverbrook appointed to War Cabinet.
French military court sentences de Gaulle to death in absentia.
Italy reported to be massing troops on Libya-Egypt border.
British Royal Navy bombards Italian naval base on Sardinia.
1941 US and USSR agree on US aid.
All radios in Norway are confiscated.
Soviets blow up a huge Japanese fuel and ammunition dump at Tatutzuchuan in Eastern Manchuria.
US Office of Production Management seizes silk supply and takes control of silk industry, restricts use of rayon, reserves steel for government use only.
1942 The British convoy, code-named ‘Pedestal’ leaves Britain for the strategically-important island of Malta in the Mediterranean. The convoy consists of 14 fast merchant ships loaded with fuel, food, and ammunition. The convoy is accompanied by 2 battleships (Nelson and Rodney), 3 aircraft carriers (Victorious, Indomitable, and Eagle), 14 destroyers, and 3 anti-aircraft cruisers.
1943 PT-109, commanded by future president Lt. John F. Kennedy, sunk off Solomons by Japanese destroyer Amagiri; the survivors swim 4 hrs to a deserted island.
The ninth attack on Hamburg in eight days. More bombs have now been dropped on Hamburg than on London during the whole of the Blitz. Estimated 50.000 killed, equal to Britain’s entire civilian losses by bombing in the war so far.
Hitler orders that German armies are to hold fast in Russia, but Manstein ignores him and uses a flexible defense in the Kharkov sector. The Russian gains around Orel continue., but German forces repel massive Soviet attacks at Izyum and the Mius river line.
The US Army drafts Sicilian mules into service to carry supplies to soldiers fighting in the mountains of Italy. The mule train commander reports that few of the draftees “seem to like army life.”
Two hundred Jews escape from Treblinka extermination camp during a revolt.
1944 Churchill makes a statement to the House of Commons and says after seven weeks of non-stop V1 attacks, 5,340 having being launched, that 4,735 have been killed, 14,000 injured and 17,000 houses completely destroyed.
The U.S. VIII Corps moves West from the Avranches area along the Brittany coast, but the main force drives eastward. Turkey ends diplomatic relations with Germany.
The First Polish Army gains a Vistula bridgehead, 40 miles to the south of Warsaw.
1945 Potsdam conference ends after more than two weeks of deliberations. Allied leaders have been discussing what should become of Germany.
US B-29s drop 6000 tons of bombs on Nagasaki and Toyama, Japan. Japanese suffocate 387 Allied POWs in mine on Sado off Honshu.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: January 3 General Eisenhower Quote “Acclaim Earned in Blood” WWII Today: July 18
1940 RAF bomb Krupp works at Essen.
British Order in Council declares the start of the grouse shooting season to be August 5 instead of the 12th.
Hitler signs Directive No.17, requiring the Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine to increase their attacks against Britain and her shipping, in preparation for ‘Operation Sealion’.
Russian Foreign Minister Molotov reaffirms Soviet neutrality and Russo-German pact and verbally attacks Britain and US.
1941 Roosevelt stops US oil supplies to the ‘aggressors’.
Fighting flares up around the perimeter of Tobruk.
The Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo plane makes its first flight.
Army Group Centre continues its liquidation of the Smolensk pocket. Soviet troops put up fierce resistance near Orsha and Vitebsk west of Smolensk. A powerful counter-offensive is launched at Gomel south of Mogilev against German bridgeheads over the Dnieper River.
First convoy to Murmansk.
1942 Ensign Henry C. White, while flying a J4F Widgeon plane, sinks U-166 as it approaches the Mississippi River, the first U-boat sunk by the U.S. Coast Guard.
An interlocking convoy system is introduced along the entire US eastern seaboard, as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
The 15th Panzer Division fails to break through the British 8th Army’s lines in the battle of Alam Halfa and advance toward Alexandria, 120km away. The German lose about 30 tanks and are forced to withdraw.
Army Group A continues to fan out into the Caucasus region, while advance units reach the Kuban River. Army Group B continues its fight to cut off the Soviet defenders near Kalach in the Don bend near Stalingrad.
Japanese establish puppet government in Burma.
1943 The USAAF loses 54 B24s out of 178 in a disastrous raid (the longest yet attempted) on the Ploesti oil fields in Romania while inflicting only superficial damage.
Increasingly heavy fighting continues on Sicily, with some of the fiercest fighting yet seen.
Hitler orders the immediate evacuation of the Orel salient.
Lydia Litvak, the top scoring Russian female fighter pilot of the war (12 kills), is shot down and killed.
The Japanese destroyer Amagiri sinks USN PT-109 in the Solomon’s, which is commanded by Lieutenant John F. Kennedy.
1944 Patton’s U.S. Third Army is activated.
The Russians take Kaunas and cut all roads from Germany to Baltic States. Bor-Komorowski leads the Warsaw Uprising by the 38,000 strong Polish underground Army. They receive no support from Soviet forces who are already on the eastern bank of the Vistula opposite the city.
The Finnish President Risto Ryti resigns, with his place is taken by Marshal Karl Gustav Mannerheim.
U.S. Marines complete the capture of Tinian Island losing 389 killed for 9,000 Japanese.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 24 WWII Today: March 11 WWII Today: March 1
1939 The British fleet is put on full alert.
1940 RAF’s worst day in Battle of Britain: most bases out of action, 41 planes lost.
RAF 303 Squadron (Polish) flies first patrol and makes first kill.
Weekly rations in Vichy France now 4oz of sugar, 6oz spaghetti, 1.5oz rice and 3oz margarine per person.
1941 German Army Group South manages to move some of 17th Army across the Dnieper river Southeast of Kremenchuk.
British forces reach Hamadan, Iran and have now secured the Persian Gulf and its vital oilfields.
1942 Rommel begins his final attempt to break through at El Alamein in the battle of Alam Halfa. However, the 15th Panzer Division fails to break through the 8th Army’s lines and sustains heavy casualties losing about 30 tanks forcing the Germans to withdraw back to their start lines. (MORE INFO)
1,200 Japanese reinforcements landed on Guadalcanal by ‘Tokyo Express’.
The US aircraft-carrier Saratoga is attacked and damaged by a Japanese submarine near Santa Cruz.
1943 The RAF again pound Berlin (over 600 bombers) with more than 1,000 tons dropped, killing about 5,000 civilian’s.
Hitler allows Manstein to make limited withdrawals in Ukraine.
The Japanese submarine I-8, reaches France after a marathon voyage from Penang in Malaya.
A U.S. carrier task force bombs Marcus I., Micronesia.
The government lifts its ban on “pleasure driving.” Police had previously been able to stop cars at random and ask drivers their destination and purpose. I a patrolman wasn’t happy with a driver’s answer, he could confiscate the driver’s gas ration stamps.
1944 The British 11th Armored Division captures Amiens and take the German bridge across the Somme in surprise attack. Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne and Nice all taken. The U.S. Third Army reaches the river Meuse.
The U.S. Fifth Army crosses the Arno while the Eighth Army attacks the Gothic Line in Italy.
The Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captures Bucharest, the capital of Romania and begins to round up members of the ‘Fascist’ Antonescu government.
Aircraft from a U.S. carrier force (Task Force 38) commence a 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and the Bonin Island in the western Caroline’s and Visayas Archipelago, which is the next step to the Philippines.
1945 As U.S. troops release POW’s, many reports of systematic degradation are heard. Tokyo is reported as 85% bomb damaged, although this is not as bad as Berlin. Japanese garrison at Marcus Island surrenders to the Americans.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: November 28 WWII Today: August 18 WWII Today: May 7
1940 The British Battleship Valiant, the Aircraft Carrier Illustrious and two Cruisers leave Gibraltar bound for Alexandria to reinforce Admiral Cunningham’s Mediterranean fleet.
In an effort to avert war between her allies Romania and Hungary and to secure his southern flank prior to attacking the Soviet Union, Germany and Italy under the second Vienna Award compel Romania to cede large chunks of her territory to Hungary and Bulgaria, in exchange for a German guarantee of security for the rump Romanian state.
Vichy France signs Matsuoka-Henry Pact allowing Japan to station troops in French Indochina and to use airfields, ports, and railroads (ratified 9/22/40).
1941 Manufacturers in the United States complain to the government that they are making do without steel in order to supply the British war needs, while the British continue to export steel to South American countries.
The German 20th Panzer division destroys the northern Front’s already broken Soviet 48th Army, and takes the town of Mga, 40 kms to the Southeast of Leningrad. Nazi forces began a siege of Leningrad during World War II that lasted nearly two and a half years.
1942 The formal annexation of Luxembourg to Reich leads to a general strike. Use of French accents in the written Luxembourg dialect is now liable to fines.
With the Punishment Battalions as rear guards, the Soviet 62nd and parts of 64th Army escapes encirclement by the 48th Panzer Corps and withdraw across the Chervlennaya river.
U.S. Naval and Army forces occupy Adad, Aleutian Is. for an air and naval base.
Chinese claim the recapture of the whole of Kiangsi, which was captured in last Japanese offensive.
1943 An air battle between 44 USAAF P-38s and 75 Luftwaffe fighters commences above Italy. The the P-38s were escorting a large formation of B-26s on their way to bomb marshaling yards at Aversa. The Americans lose 13 aircraft and shoot down 9 Axis aircraft, thus allowing the B-26s to make an unmolested bombing run to their target, where they cause extreme damage without loss.
The Danish Prime Minister, Scavenius refuses to serve under the Germans.
Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is evacuated by the Germans.
1944 The U.S. 3rd Army, whose 4th Armored Division is already at Troyes is ordered to continue East until the tanks run dry and from that point, to advance on foot, in order to get across the Meuse river.
Canadian Armored forces with the British 8th Army attack west of Pesaro. Without supporting artillery, they are beaten back by the Germans, who destroy or badly damage 32 of the 50 tanks engaged in the attack. German troops withdraw from Bulgaria.
Ploesti, the center of the Romanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.
1945 General Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan and makes Yokosuka the Supreme Allied Command Headquarters.
A Royal Naval force takes Hong Kong as marines clash with Japanese suicide detachments.
U.S. occupation of Japan begins, 11th Airborne Division lands at Atsugi airfield and 4th Marine Regiment lands at Kurihama naval base at Yokosuka and report ‘obsequious bows and smiles’ from soldiers and civilians. Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupation headquarters.
Two Japanese submarines, the largest in the world (5,500 tons), surrender in Sagami Bay after completing their first and only operational trip.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: July 14 WWII Today: April 8 WWII Today: July 9
1940 Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.
Vichy France agree to Japanese demands that they be allowed to station forces in northern Indochina.
First mass jump by US paratroopers, at Fort Benning, GA.
1941 Despite protests, Vichy parliament moves to holiday resort in the hills.
Germany and the Soviet Union suffer heavy casualties at Leningrad. Public opinion in the United States is summed up by Missouri senator Harry Truman, who says, “If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia, and if we see that Russia is winning, we ought to help Germany.”
Russians evacuate Karelian Isthmus to Leningrad. The Finnish troops capture Vyborg and are now only 30 miles North of Leningrad.
Cease-fire in Iran—USSR & Britain occupy.
1942 Japanese warships begin to evacuate Milne Bay.
The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
1943 Martial law is declared in Denmark and the Danish Royal Family are ‘isolated’ by the Germans.
1944 American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris as the French capital continued to celebrate its liberation from the Nazis.
The British begin the ‘Race for Amiens’. U.S. troops liberate Soissons, 60 miles Northeast of Paris. Montelimar is taken by the French who also cross the Rhone in several places. The Canadians enter Rouen.
The Russians capture the Romanian oilfields at Ploiesti and enter Hungarian occupied Transylvania. An uprising begins in Slovakia against the pro-German government of Dr. Tiso.
1945 The lists of the first war criminals to be tried at Nuremberg are drawn up by a ‘Four Power’ Commission of Prosecutors in London. Goring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Dr Ley, Rosenberg, Dr Frank, Streicher, Keitel, Dr Funk, von Shirach, Dr Schacht, Sauckel, Prof Speer, Bormann, von Papen, Jodl, Krupp, Raeder, Donitz, Baron von Neurath, Seyss-Inquart and Frische are all named.
The Russians announce the capture of 513,000 prisoners in the Manchurian campaign.
The Soviets shoot down a B29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea.
U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
First Allied POWs in Japan are liberated, from Camp Omori, by US Navy forces.
The United States ends military draft.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Irene Manning Yank Magazine Pin Up Color photographs of Rosie the Riveter WWII Today: July 28
1940 Vichy French radio announces that laws protecting Jews in France have been dropped.
Alter the ‘voluntary dissolution of all political parties’, President Konoye of Japan announces structure to ‘unite the total energies of the state and people.’
Luftwaffe makes first night bombing raid over Britain. RAF bombs
Berlin, killing ten, the first Germans killed by bombing in Berlin.
USS American Legion arrives in New York carrying Crown Princess Martha of Norway and a Swedish Bofors 40-mm naval antiaircraft gun to be considered by the US Navy.
1941 The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph.
German occupation forces in France round up and imprison hundreds of French citizens after an assassination attempt on pro-German politician Pierre Laval. Laval has been shot at a rally in Versailles, where he is recruiting Frenchmen to fight alongside Germans on the Russian front.
Menzies resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is replaced McFadden, who under pressure from his political opposition demands from the British, the relief of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk in Libya.
After demands from the Australian Prime Minister, the British agree to relieve the remainder of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk.
1942 A massive RAF raid against Nuremberg is launched, killing 4,000 civilians and destroying over 10,000 houses.
Germans break through South west of Stalingrad but are held to the north.
A Japanese seaplane catapulted from submarine I-25 and drops firebombs on forests in Oregon, USA.
Japanese daylight attempt to reinforce Guadalcanal fails due to US air attack; they turn to nighttime missions, dubbed the “Tokyo Express” by the Americans.
First school for WAVES officers opens at Smith College in Northampton, MA (USS Northampton); 125 women are commissioned in “fast-track” one-month course.
Off Haiti, US PBY Catalina and Canadian corvette Oakville capture German sub U-94, but sub sinks; this loss will lead the Germans to withdraw Type VII U-boats from Caribbean and Gulf.
1943 The Danish government refuse a German ultimatum, as the sabotage campaign reaches a crescendo.
The Bulgarian King, Boris III dies under mysterious circumstances.
1944 U.S. troops cross the Marne and take Meaux, 30 miles East of Paris. The last German garrison at Marseilles surrenders to the French, who take 37,000 prisoners for 4,000 French casualties.
The British 36th Division takes Pinbaw, in northern Burma, during a monsoon advance from Mogaung.
1945 The Japanese sign the surrender agreement in Rangoon.
B29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.
Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
First US troops arrive in Japan: 24 C-47 cargo planes land unopposed at Atsugi Field outside Tokyo with 150 troops of the US 11th Airborne to establish an air base.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 27 WWII Today: August 3
1939 Britain and France try to persuade Poland to negotiate with Germany, but she refuses.
1940 Raids continue on London, Midlands, Southwest England and Wales.
Armed merchant-cruiser Dunvegan Castle sunk by U46 off Ireland.
President Roosevelt authorizes call into service of Army Reserve and National Guard for 12 months.
1941 British government takes over railways for the duration of the war, paying Â£43m per annum in compensation to private operators.
Army Group North captures Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
The Iranian government under Ali Furughi orders a cease-fire.
The Prime Minister of Japan, Fumimaro Konoye, issues an invitation for a meeting with President Roosevelt.
American volunteer William Dunn with RAF No. 71 Squadron becomes first US ace.
1942 The Red Army launches counterattacks from the Leningrad pocket against Schluesselburg and the Volkhov front, while the Red Army’s offensive on the Moscow front continues. Zhukov is appointed Stalin’s First Deputy Commissar for defense.
1943 Brenden Bracken, the British Minister of Information, makes the first ministerial statement on Hess since
May 1941 and says ‘Hess came to find British Quislings to overthrow Churchill’, ‘a Nazi of very low mentality’ who ‘babbled like an excited schoolboy’.
1944 The Canadians cross the Seine around Rouen. The remaining 1,800 Germans at Toulon surrender as the French claim a total of 17,000 captured for just 2,700 French casualties.
The British 8th Army renews its offensive North on Italy’s eastern coast. Slowed by rain and mud, the British attack toward the Gothic Line at Pesaro, just north of the Foglia river.
Russians take Galati in eastern Romania.
The RAF pounds the Ruhr oil refineries, their first large-scale daylight action over Germany. More than
1,000 U.S. B-17s and B-24s attack airdromes at Anklam, Grossenbrode, Neubrandenburg and Parow, Luftwaffe experimental facilities at Peenemunde and Rechlin, aircraft components factories at Lubeck, Rostock, Schwerin, and Wismar, an oil-industry target at Politz and several targets of opportunity in Germany. 18 heavy bombers are lost.
The last Chindits are evacuated from behind Japanese lines in Burma.
1945 One of the greatest international armadas ever assembled, enters the Bay of Sagami, Tokyo.
B-29 Superfortress bombers begin to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: May 13 WWII Today: August 17 WWII Today: March 30
1939 Hitler cancels the order for the invasion of Poland on this day. He sets a new date of the 1st September.
1940 First Canadian fighter pilot in RCAF squadron is killed in combat in the Battle of Britain.
Eire government protests to Berlin over bombs dropped in County Wexford, killing three girls. London raided by Luftwaffe for six hours.
Hitler orders an initial redeployment of two Panzer and ten Infantry divisions from western Europe to Poland in preparation for the invasion of Russia.
1941 Anglo-Canadian and Norwegian commandos land on Spitzbergen, 370 miles north of Norway, to deny the coalÂ mines to the Germans. They destroy installations and mining equipment and evacuate the NorwegianÂ population.
Pierre Laval is shot and wounded by Paul Colette who is arrested.
German losses on Russian Front reach 440,000, more than in the entire war before the 22nd June 1941. ArmyÂ Group North surrounds and destroys the Soviet forces in the area of Velikije Luki.
The Hungarian Army rounds up 18,000 Jews at Kamenets-Podolsk.
British troops complete the occupation of the vital Abadan oilfields in Iran.
1942 The Russians announce that their offensive along the Moscow front has pushed the Germans back 15-20 miles in a fortnight. German successes continue in Caucasus.
7,000 Jews arrested in unoccupied France.
Two thousand Japanese land at Milne Bay, South East of Port Moresby and advance up Kokoda Trail.
1943 US bombers hit Hong Kong.
1944 After a delirious day of celebrating their city’s liberation from the Germans, Parisians are brought back to reality shortly before midnight when the Luftwaffe stages a vindictive raid that destroys a substantialÂ part of the city’s working class neighborhoods in the northeast.
Allied troops pour across Seine and drive East. The French liberate Tarascon and Avignon in the South of France.
Hitler orders a withdrawal from Greece. Bulgaria, Germany’s ally, withdraws from the war against Russia and declares its neutrality.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: July 31 WWII Today: July 23 WWII Today: June 6 D-Day