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Oct 22

World War II Today: October 22

1939 “Elections” are held in Soviet-occupied Poland now called “Western Byelorussia” and “Western Ukraine.” The USSR confiscates all property including bank accounts, and replaces Polish currency with the ruble. Poles are fired from their jobs and thrown into jail as the NKVD compiles lists for deportation. Factories, hospitals, schools, are dismantled and shipped to the USSR. Polish education and language is phased out; libraries are closed and books burned. Churches are destroyed and priests arrested. Even the wearing of crosses is forbidden. Owning a typewriter is now a crime.

1940 On a convoy in the North Atlantic, Royal Canadian Navy destroyer Margaree collides with freighter Port Fairy in poor visibility, 400 miles west of Ireland. It is the first convoy mission for the destroyer, and 140 lives are lost.

British Ambassador in Moscow Sir Stafford Cripps tries to woo Russians with three-point co-operation plan.

Deportation of 29,000 German Jews from Baden, the Saar, and Alsace-Lorraine into Vichy France.

1941 50 hostages shot in Nantes, France as reprisal for assassination of the German military commander. 50 more to die if the assassin isn’t caught.

German Major shot in Bordeaux 100 arrested, 50 shot immediately.

Russian partisans explode a bomb at Odessa, killing several Romanian and German officers and soldiers. Romanian Dictator Ion Antonescu orders two hundred Russians executed for every officer killed and one hundred Russians executed for every enlisted man killed.

1942 A Royal Proclamation is signed that reduces the British call-up age to 18.

Against fierce Soviet resistance, the 6th Army capture most of the Red October Steelworks and Barricades factories in the northern part of Stalingrad.

SS put down a revolt at Sachsenhausen by a group of Jews about to be sent to Auschwitz.

First transports for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa, depart Britain (cargo ships).

1943 The Germans publish a plan to kidnap Hitler, which was allegedly drawn up by the Italians.

Operation ‘Corona’ (the jamming of German night-fighter communications) begins during an RAF raid on Kassel.

1944 The Red Army continues its drive west and captures several towns near the Russian German border.

First use of napalm in the Pacific Theater—US fighters drop napalm on oil storage tanks on Ceram Island.

Capt. Alexander Patch III, son of the commanding general of the US Seventh Army, killed in action in France.

1945 In Hawaii, final performance of Irving Berlin’s This Is the Army; Berlin donated all proceeds to the Army Emergency Relief Fund. Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 17 WWII Today: October 15 WWII Today: October 11

Oct 21

World War II Today: October 21

1939 The Luftwaffe starts attacks against North Atlantic convoys.

As war heats up with Germany, the British war cabinet holds its first meeting in the underground war room in London.

The Germans start deporting Poles from Posen (Poznan), largest city of western Poland (250,000 people), in their attempt at establishing “pure and Germanic provinces” in Poland.

President Roosevelt establishes an advisory committee on the use of uranium.

1940 Churchill broadcasts to France, ‘Frenchmen rearm your spirits before it is too late.’

1941 Units of 6th Army capture Stalino in the industrial Donets Basin.

1942 The South Africa Premier, Field-Marshal Smuts, makes a historic speech to both Houses of Parliament saying, ‘The stage is set for the last, the offensive stage’.

General Mark Clark lands by sub at Cherchel, Algeria for clandestine meeting with Vichy French in preparation for the upcoming Allied invasion.

WWI ace Eddie Rickenbacker’s B-17 ditches in the central Pacific; crew afloat for 24 days.

Congress passes Revenue Act of 1942, which raises $7 billion in new income taxes and reduces deductions, adding 13 million new taxpayers into the system.

1944 Aachen finally falls to the U.S. First Army, earning the distinction of being the first German city to be captured. 12,000 German prisoners have been taken since the 2nd October. Breskens is captured by the Canadians, but fighting continues for 10 more days in the pocket.

Lt. Frances Slanger killed by German shell in her tent, the first American nurse killed in France.

1945 The U-boat pens in Hamburg are blown up by British Engineers using German explosives.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: January 18 WWII Today: December 11 WWII Today: October 14

Oct 20

Elyse Knox Yank Pin Up Girl October 20th 1944

Born Elsie Lillian Kornbrath on December 14, 1917 in Hartford, Connecticut. She studied at the Traphagen School of Fashion in Manhattan then embarked on a career in fashion design.→ Read more

Oct 20

World War II Today: October 20

1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his first encyclical, Summi pontificatus,decrying racism, dictators, and treaty violations.

1940 Italian planes bomb Cairo for the first time, also bomb US-run oil facilities in Bahrain.

1941 The Aircraft Carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) commissioned under Capt. Marc Mitscher.

Germans massacre 2300 Serbians in Kragujevac in response to partisan killing of 10 Germans.

1942 US War Production Board orders stop to all non-essential civil construction projects.

Southern Conference on Race Relations issues Durham Manifesto urging voting rights and equal educational and job opportunities.

1943 An allied agreement to set up UN commission on war crimes is announced in London.

A delayed-detonation bomb explodes at the central post office in Naples, Italy, injuring seventy-two people. When they retreated three weeks earlier, the Germans left behind scores of booby traps.

The Russian attacks from Bukrin bridgehead are bloodily repulsed.

A U.S. Navy PBY Catalina and an Japanese Navy Mitsubishi G4M (Betty) bomber exchanged fire off Attu. As the last air combat action in the Alaska Territory’s Aleutian Islands, the incident also marked the last combat fought in any of the fifty United States

1944 The Red Army captures Belgrade, while Yugoslav partisans capture Dubrovnik.

The Belgrade Offensive ended in Partisan/Soviet victory when the capture of Belgrade itself was completed.

The Greek government-in-exile returned to Athens

The U.S. Sixth Army landings in the Philippines begin on the East Coast of Leyte, but the 60,000 men sent ashore encounter stiff Japanese resistance.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped ashore at Leyte in the Philippines, 2 1/2 years after he’d said, “I shall return.”

 

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 17 WWII Today: September 14 WWII Today: March 11

Oct 19

World War II Today: October 19

1939 Germany officially incorporates western Poland into the Reich.

1940 Convoy HX-79 (49 ships), sailing from Halifax in Canada to Britain, is attacked by 5 U-boats between the 19th and 20th October in the North Atlantic. The British lost 12 ships for 75,063 gross tons, while not a single U-boat was lost. The destroyer Venetia sinks after hitting mine in Thames Estuary.

The Australian 7th Division sets sail for the Middle East.

1941 Army Group Centre finally clears the Vyazma pocket capturing 670,000 Russians, 1,000 tanks and 4,000 guns. Stalin announces he will stay in Moscow and declares state of siege in Moscow and orders its defense to the last.

U.S. freighter “Lehigh” sunk in South Atlantic.

1942 General Friedrich von Paulus pleads with the Fuhrer and the German High Command for supplies and reinforcements for his army, under seige at Stalingrad. He receives nothing but the order to fight to the last man.

The Japanese submarine I-36 launches a floatplane for a reconnaissance flight over Pearl Harbor. The pilot and crew report on the ships in the harbor, after which the aircraft is lost at sea.

German Jews no longer allowed meat, wheat products, milk, or eggs.

US War Production Board mandates tin can collection in cities with a population greater than 25,000.

1943 The offensive by the US 5th Army along the Volturno river bogs down due to bad weather and a skillful German defense.

1944 Field Marshal Model gives up the attempts to relieve Aachen.

The Germans evacuate Belgrade.

Hitler orders the total destruction of Warsaw. The German 4th Army withdraws from the Tilsit area.

The British capture an important Japanese supply depot at Mohnyin in Burma.

The U.S. Navy announced that black women would be allowed into the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).

The first two black WAVES officers, Harriet Ida Pikens and Frances Wills, were sworn in December 22 of that year. Of the 80,000 WAVES in the World War II, 72 Black women served, normally under integrated conditions.

Japanese Vice-Admiral Onishi Takijino orders the formation of Special Attack Group of kamikazes to attack Allied ships around the Philippines.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Captain Ben Dix – October 3, 1943 Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941 WWII Today: April 25

Oct 18

Esther Williams – YANK Pin-up Girl Oct. 1945

Born in Los Angeles, California, on August 8, 1921. Sometimes called “America’s Mermaid,” Esther Williams helped popularize synchronized swimming through a string of hugely popular films in the 1940s and 1950s.→ Read more

Oct 18

World War II Today: October 18

1939 The Russians prepare to hand over 30,000 Polish soldiers and refugees to the Nazis who respond with their own prisoner exchange.

The first Jewish ghetto is established in Lublin.

1940 Britain reopens the Burma road, which had been closed for three months on the condition of progress being made towards peace between Japan and China. No progress had been made towards peace at the time of reopening.

1941 German units are now only 80 miles west of Moscow.

Raids began against submarine pens on Bay of Biscay, to protect North Africa invasion, but pens survived with 12-foot concrete roofs, defended by Luftwaffe’s Me109 and FW190 fighters.

1942 Hitler orders German troops to shoot all captured allied commandos, ‘to the last man’.

An advance party of four Norwegian Special Operations Executive (SOE) Commandos are dropped by parachute to reconnoitre the area around the German ‘heavy water’ (atomic weapons development) plant at Telemark, Norway.

The advance by Army Group A toward the Black Sea port of Tuapse is halted due to difficult terrain and stubborn Soviet resistance. After intensifying their raids during the early part of the October, German and Italian daylight bombing raids over Malta are finally suspended.

The drain on aircraft being sent to other fronts has left little alternative.

Vice Admiral William F. Halsey named as the new commander of the South Pacific Area, in charge of the Solomons-New Guinea campaign.

1943 Japanese troops go on a murderous rampage in China, burning to death the populations of several villages and forcing peasants to jump blindfolded off cliffs.

1944 The call up for the Volksturm begins in Germany, with all able-bodied men from 16 to 60 to be conscripted. German radio says 50,000 officers have been killed so far in war. Himmler becomes Commander-in-Chief, Forces of Interior.

German forces thrust into Slovakia.

Russian troops cross the Norwegian frontier.

Lt. General Joseph Stilwell is recalled from China by president Franklin Roosevelt.

Fourteen B-29s based on the Marianas attack the Japanese base at Truk.

1945 The first open session of the International Military War Crimes Tribunal indicts 21 top Nazis.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 3 WWII Yank Magazine Pin Up: Dusty Anderson WWII Today: April 9

Oct 17

Words At War Episode 39 “The Weeping Wood“

Words At War Episode 39 “The Weeping Wood“ Released March 10, 1944.

Words At War, the series that brings you radio versions of the leading war book another adaptation of an important war book, “The Weeping Wood“ by Vicki Baum.

https://www.wwiidogtags.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/1944-03-07NbcWordsAtWar39TheWeepingWood.mp3

 

 

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Words at War: The New Sun WWII Today: October 19 Words at War: The 9th Commandment

Oct 17

World War II Today: October 17

1939 French troops are pushed back in the Saar region.

President Roosevelt prepares to sign an executive order closing all U.S. ports to submarines from belligerent nations.

1941 Destroyer USS Kearny damaged by German torpedo off Iceland;11 Americans are killed.

US House of Representatives allow merchantmen to be armed.

Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is captured by Army Group South.

Kimmel improves naval reconnaissance at Pearl Harbor but not 360-degree nor 24-hour patrols.

In Convoy SC-48 off Iceland, U-568 torpedoes destroyer USS Kearny; first US casualties of the war—11 killed, 22 wounded. U-boats sink seven other ships in Convoy SC-48.

US Army Air Force establishes Air Service Command (supply and maintenance) under Brig. Gen. Henry Miller at Wright Field, OH.

1942 Luftwaffe abandons daylight raids against Malta.

Germans take Tractor Factory in Stalingrad.

Abel’s Field opens at Fasari, New Guinea, named after missionary Cecil Abel who constructed the airfield with native help.

1943 The US and Japan exchange 3,000 civilian prisoners in Goa.

Germans haul art from Monte Cassino Abbey to Rome as Allies approach; most of the monks, nuns, orphans, schoolchildren, and refugees go to Rome as well.

The last German auxiliary cruiser in Pacific, Michel, sunk by the US submarine Tarpon off Chi Chi Jima.

1944 German forces successfully repulse heavy Soviet attacks near Debrecen.

Eichmann returns to Hungary.

French halt offensive through Vosges Mountains toward Belfort Gap in France.

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: September 10 WWII Today: September 16 Yank Magazine Pin Up: Rita Hayworth

Oct 16

NBC Words At War Episode 99 “My Country: A Poem of America“

Words At War “My Country: A Poem of America“ Released June 5, 1945.

Words At War, the series that brings you radio versions of the leading war book another adaptation of an important war book, “My Country: A Poem of America”. The entire program is performed in verse. A moving, patriotic work…a sound portrait in words. Excellent radio! The program is announced as the last show of the series. “A Poem Of America.”

https://www.wwiidogtags.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/1945-06-05NbcWordsAtWar99MyCountryAPoemOfAmerica.mp3

 

Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Pin Up: Lucile Ball Words At War: Soldier to Civilian Words At War: Silence of the Sea