From 1940 to 1945 working women had rose from 25% to 35% of the workforce. By the end of the war, approximately one of four married women worked outside the home. In 1943, nearly 310,00 women were working the in U.S. aircraft industry alone.
Annette del Sur publicizing a salvage campaign for the Douglas Aircraft Company
Part of the cowling for for a B-25 bomber is assembled in the engine department of North American Aviation’s Inglewood plant.
C. & N.W. R.R. Cloe Weaver, mother of four children, employed as a helper at the roundhouse, Clinton, Iowa.
Rosie Taking a Coffee Break
Frances Eggleston,23, from Oklahoma working on the nose of an airplane.
Mary Louise Stepan, 21, used to be a waitress. She has a brother in the Army Air Corps. She is working on parts in the hand mill.
Operating a hand drill at Vaultee-Nashville, woman is working on a Vaultee Vengeance dive bomber at the Nashville Tennessee plant.
Rosie the Riveter hard at work.
Pearl Harbor Widows, October 1942
Rosie the Riveter working on a Consolidated B-24 bomber, Consolidated Aircraft Corp., Fort Worth, Texas.
Women workers, working on a Radial Engine
Rosie working on an radial engines at North American Aviation, Inc., plant in California.
Rosie having lunch on their lunch break.
Rosie riveting the tail section of an airplane.
Tail section quality control.
ALL PHOTOS LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Kodachrome Color Photographs WWII Today: November 18 WWII Ad: No Broader Shoulders
1940 Hitler meets Franco, the Spanish head of state at Hendaye near the French-Spanish border. Franco declares ‘Spain will gladly fight at Germany’s side’, but remains non-committal regarding Spain’s entry into the war.
The RAF continue its attacks on Berlin.
1941 De Gaulle meets French Resistance and asks to spare the innocent and bide their time.
It is decided that British forces should make their main approach on Gondar in Abyssinia, from the direction of Adowa due to the better road conditions.
Nazis forbid emigration of Jews from the Reich.
1942 Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in London for a three-week visit as guest of the King.
The battleship Tirpitz leaves Bogenfjord and moves south to Lofjord near Trondheim, where it is to be refitted.
The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia.
The Second Battle of El Alamein begins with a 1,000-gun bombardment. The Eighth Army gains ground on a 6-mile front and repulses Axis counter-attacks.
The RAF launches bombing raids against the Italian cities of Genoa and Turin.
The previously undefeated Sandai division of the Japanese army suffers its first loss of the war whe it fails to capture Henderson Airfield on Guadalcanal.
1943 A German torpedo boat flotilla sinks the Royal Navy cruiser Charybdis and the destroyer Limborne in a Channel duel.
Russians take Melitopol after 10-days of fighting; Dnepropetrovsk falls to Malinovsky, while a tank army reaches Krivoi Rog.
1944 The 3rd Panzer Corps begin a six day counter attack around Debrecen.
The decisive three-day battle of Leyte Gulf begins. The Japanese lose four carriers, three battleships, six heavy and four light cruisers, 11 destroyers, one submarine and some 500 planes, with approximately 10,000 sailors killed. The first organised use of Kamikaze’s by the Japanese are reported.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 14 WWII Today: October 18 Words at War: Assignment USA
1939 “Elections” are held in Soviet-occupied Poland now called “Western Byelorussia” and “Western Ukraine.” The USSR confiscates all property including bank accounts, and replaces Polish currency with the ruble. Poles are fired from their jobs and thrown into jail as the NKVD compiles lists forÂ deportation. Factories, hospitals, schools, are dismantled and shipped to the USSR. Polish education and language is phased out; libraries areÂ closed and books burned. Churches are destroyed and priests arrested. Even the wearing of crosses is forbidden. Owning a typewriter is now a crime.
1940 On a convoy in the North Atlantic, Royal Canadian Navy destroyer Margaree collides with freighter Port Fairy in poor visibility, 400 miles west ofÂ Ireland. It is the first convoy mission for the destroyer, and 140 lives are lost.
British Ambassador in Moscow Sir Stafford Cripps tries to woo Russians with three-point co-operation plan.
Deportation of 29,000 German Jews from Baden, the Saar, and Alsace-Lorraine into Vichy France.
1941 50 hostages shot in Nantes, France as reprisal for assassination of the German military commander. 50 more to die if the assassin isn’t caught.
German Major shot in Bordeaux 100 arrested, 50 shot immediately.
Russian partisans explode a bomb at Odessa, killing several Romanian and German officers and soldiers. Romanian Dictator Ion Antonescu orders twoÂ hundred Russians executed for every officer killed and one hundred Russians executed for every enlisted man killed.
1942 A Royal Proclamation is signed that reduces the British call-up age to 18.
Against fierce Soviet resistance, the 6th Army capture most of the Red October Steelworks and Barricades factories in the northern part of Stalingrad.
SS put down a revolt at Sachsenhausen by a group of Jews about to be sent to Auschwitz.
First transports for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa, depart Britain (cargo ships).
1943 The Germans publish a plan to kidnap Hitler, which was allegedly drawn up by the Italians.
Operation ‘Corona’ (the jamming of German night-fighter communications) begins during an RAF raid on Kassel.
1944 The Red Army continues its drive west and captures several towns near the Russian German border.
First use of napalm in the Pacific Theater—US fighters drop napalm on oil storage tanks on Ceram Island.
Capt. Alexander Patch III, son of the commanding general of the US Seventh Army, killed in action in France.1945 In Hawaii, final performance of Irving Berlin’s This Is the Army; Berlin donated all proceeds to the Army Emergency Relief Fund. Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: October 17 WWII Today: October 15 WWII Today: October 11
1939 The Luftwaffe starts attacks against North Atlantic convoys.
As war heats up with Germany, the British war cabinet holds its first meeting in the underground war room in London.
The Germans start deporting Poles from Posen (Poznan), largest city of western Poland (250,000 people), in their attempt at establishing “pure and Germanic provinces” in Poland.
President Roosevelt establishes an advisory committee on the use of uranium.
1940 Churchill broadcasts to France, ‘Frenchmen rearm your spirits before it is too late.’
1941 Units of 6th Army capture Stalino in the industrial Donets Basin.
1942 The South Africa Premier, Field-Marshal Smuts, makes a historic speech to both Houses of Parliament saying, ‘The stage is set for the last, the offensive stage’.
General Mark Clark lands by sub at Cherchel, Algeria for clandestine meeting with Vichy French in preparation for the upcoming Allied invasion.
WWI ace Eddie Rickenbacker’s B-17 ditches in the central Pacific; crew afloat for 24 days.
Congress passes Revenue Act of 1942, which raises $7 billion in new income taxes and reduces deductions, adding 13 million new taxpayers into the system.
1944 Aachen finally falls to the U.S. First Army, earning the distinction of being the first German city to be captured. 12,000 German prisoners have been taken since the 2nd October. Breskens is captured by the Canadians, but fighting continues for 10 more days in the pocket.
Lt. Frances Slanger killed by German shell in her tent, the first American nurse killed in France.
1945 The U-boat pens in Hamburg are blown up by British Engineers using German explosives.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: January 18 WWII Today: December 11 WWII Today: October 14
1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his first encyclical, Summi pontificatus,decrying racism, dictators, and treaty violations.
1940 Italian planes bomb Cairo for the first time, also bomb US-run oil facilities in Bahrain.
1941 The Aircraft Carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) commissioned under Capt. Marc Mitscher.
Germans massacre 2300 Serbians in Kragujevac in response to partisan killing of 10 Germans.
1942 US War Production Board orders stop to all non-essential civil construction projects.
Southern Conference on Race Relations issues Durham Manifesto urging voting rights and equal educational and job opportunities.
1943 An allied agreement to set up UN commission on war crimes is announced in London.
A delayed-detonation bomb explodes at the central post office in Naples, Italy, injuring seventy-two people. When they retreated three weeks earlier, the Germans left behind scores of booby traps.
The Russian attacks from Bukrin bridgehead are bloodily repulsed.
A U.S. Navy PBY Catalina and an Japanese Navy Mitsubishi G4M (Betty) bomber exchanged fire off Attu. As the last air combat action in the Alaska Territory’s Aleutian Islands, the incident also marked the last combat fought in any of the fifty United States
1944 The Red Army captures Belgrade, while Yugoslav partisans capture Dubrovnik.
The Belgrade Offensive ended in Partisan/Soviet victory when the capture of Belgrade itself was completed.
The Greek government-in-exile returned to Athens
The U.S. Sixth Army landings in the Philippines begin on the East Coast of Leyte, but the 60,000 men sent ashore encounter stiff Japanese resistance.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped ashore at Leyte in the Philippines, 2 1/2 years after he’d said, “I shall return.”
Take a look at these other WWII Posts: WWII Today: February 17 WWII Today: September 14 WWII Today: March 11
1939 Germany officially incorporates western Poland into the Reich.
1940 Convoy HX-79 (49 ships), sailing from Halifax in Canada to Britain, is attacked by 5 U-boats between the 19th and 20th October in the NorthÂ Atlantic. The British lost 12 ships for 75,063 gross tons, while not a single U-boat was lost. The destroyer Venetia sinks after hitting mine inÂ Thames Estuary.
The Australian 7th Division sets sail for the Middle East.
1941 Army Group Centre finally clears the Vyazma pocket capturing 670,000 Russians, 1,000 tanks and 4,000 guns. Stalin announces he will stay in Moscow and declares state of siege in Moscow and orders its defense to the last.
U.S. freighter “Lehigh” sunk in South Atlantic.
1942 General Friedrich von Paulus pleads with the Fuhrer and the German High Command for supplies and reinforcements for his army, under seige atÂ Stalingrad. He receives nothing but the order to fight to the last man.
The Japanese submarine I-36 launches a floatplane for a reconnaissance flight over Pearl Harbor. The pilot and crew report on the ships in the harbor, after which the aircraft is lost at sea.
German Jews no longer allowed meat, wheat products, milk, or eggs.
US War Production Board mandates tin can collection in cities with a population greater than 25,000.
1943 The offensive by the US 5th Army along the Volturno river bogs down due to bad weather and a skillful German defense.
1944 Field Marshal Model gives up the attempts to relieve Aachen.
The Germans evacuate Belgrade.
Hitler orders the total destruction of Warsaw. The German 4th Army withdraws from the Tilsit area.
The British capture an important Japanese supply depot at Mohnyin in Burma.
The U.S. Navy announced that black women would be allowed into the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
The first two black WAVES officers, Harriet Ida Pikens and Frances Wills, were sworn in December 22 of that year. Of the 80,000 WAVES in the World War II, 72 Black women served, normally under integrated conditions.
Japanese Vice-Admiral Onishi Takijino orders the formation of Special Attack Group of kamikazes to attack Allied ships around the Philippines.Take a look at these other WWII Posts: Captain Ben Dix – October 3, 1943 Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941 WWII Today: April 25