Archive for WWII History
Today in World War II History. On these pages you will find of some of the most important events that shaped World War 2.
The British Battleship Valiant, the Aircraft Carrier Illustrious and two Cruisers leaveÂ Gibraltar bound for Alexandria to reinforce Admiral Cunningham’s Mediterranean fleet.
In an effort to avert war between her allies Romania and Hungary and to secure his southernÂ flank prior to attacking the Soviet Union, Germany and Italy under the second Vienna AwardÂ compel Romania to cede large chunks of her territory to Hungary and Bulgaria, in exchange for aÂ German guarantee of security for the rump Romanian state.
Japanese military occupation of ports, airfields and railroads in northern Indochina are agreedÂ to by Vichy France.
Manufacturers in the United States complain to the government that they are making do withoutÂ steel in order to supply the British war needs, while the British continue to export steel toÂ South American countries.
The German 20th Panzer division destroys the northern Front’s already broken Soviet 48th Army,Â and takes the town of Mga, 40 kms to the Southeast of Leningrad.Â Nazi forces began a siege of Leningrad during World War II that lasted nearly two and a halfÂ years.
The formal annexation of Luxembourg to Reich leads to a general strike. Use of French accentsÂ in the written Luxembourg dialect is now liable to fines.
With the Punishment Battalions as rear guards, the Soviet 62nd and parts of 64th Army escapesÂ encirclement by the 48th Panzer Corps and withdraw across the Chervlennaya river.
U.S. Naval and Army forces occupy Adad, Aleutian Is. for an air and naval base.
Chinese claim the recapture of the whole of Kiangsi, which was captured in last JapaneseÂ offensive.
An air battle between 44 USAAF P-38s and 75 Luftwaffe fighters commences above Italy. The theÂ P-38s were escorting a large formation of B-26s on their way to bombÂ marshalingÂ yards atÂ Aversa. The Americans lose 13 aircraft and shoot down 9 Axis aircraft, thus allowing the B-26sÂ to make an unmolested bombing run to their target, where they cause extreme damage withoutÂ loss.
The Danish Prime Minister, Scavenius refuses to serve under the Germans.
Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is evacuated by the Germans.
The U.S. 3rd Army, whose 4th Armored Division is already at Troyes is ordered to continue EastÂ until the tanks run dry and from that point, to advance on foot, in order to get across theÂ Meuse river.
Canadian Armored forces with the British 8th Army attack west of Pesaro. Without supportingÂ artillery, they are beaten back by the Germans, who destroy or badly damage 32 of the 50 tanksÂ engaged in the attack. German troops withdraw from Bulgaria.
Ploesti, the center of the Romanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.
A Royal Naval force takes Hong Kong as marines clash with Japanese suicide detachments.
U.S. occupation of Japan begins, 11th Airborne Division lands at Atsugi airfield and 4th MarineÂ Regiment lands at Kurihama naval base at Yokosuka and report ‘obsequious bows and smiles’ fromÂ soldiers and civilians. Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupationÂ headquarters.
Two Japanese submarines, the largest in the world (5,500 tons), surrender in Sagami Bay afterÂ completing their first and only operational trip.
Germany apologizes to Eire for Wexford bombing. Intense dogfights over London and Home Counties. Britain refuses German proposal to use 64 Red Cross ships to rescue airmen from the English Channel.
Vichy France agree to Japanese demands that they be allowed to station forces in northern Indochina.
Despite protests, Vichy parliament moves to holiday resort in the hills.
Germany and the Soviet Union suffer heavy casualties at Leningrad. Public opinion in the United States is summed up by Missouri senator Harry Truman, who says, “If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia, and if we see that Russia is winning, we ought to help Germany.”
Russians evacuate Karelian Isthmus to Leningrad. The Finnish troops capture Vyborg and are now only 30 miles North of Leningrad.
Japanese warships begin to evacuate Milne Bay.
The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
Martial law is declared in Denmark and the Danish Royal Family are ‘isolated’ by the Germans.
American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris as the French capital continued to celebrate its liberation from the Nazis.
The British begin the ‘Race for Amiens’. U.S. troops liberate Soissons, 60 miles Northeast of Paris. Montelimar is taken by the French who also cross the Rhone in several places. The Canadians enter Rouen.
The Russians capture the Romanian oilfields at Ploiesti and enter Hungarian occupied Transylvania. An uprising begins in Slovakia against the pro-German government of Dr. Tiso.
The lists of the first war criminals to be tried at Nuremberg are drawn up by a ‘Four Power’ Commission of Prosecutors in London. Goring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Dr Ley, Rosenberg, Dr Frank, Streicher, Keitel, Dr Funk, von Shirach, Dr Schacht, Sauckel, Prof Speer, Bormann, von Papen, Jodl, Krupp, Raeder, Donitz, Baron von Neurath, Seyss-Inquart and Frische are all named.
The Russians announce the capture of 513,000 prisoners in the Manchurian campaign.
The Soviets shoot down a B29 dropping supplies to POWs in Korea.
U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
Vichy French radio announces that laws protecting Jews in France have been dropped.
Alter the ‘voluntary dissolution of all political parties’, President Konoye of Japan announces structure to ‘unite the total energies of the state and people.’
The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph.
German occupation forces in France round up and imprison hundreds of French citizens after an assassination attempt on pro-German politician Pierre Laval. Laval has been shot at a rally in Versailles, where he is recruiting Frenchmen to fight alongside Germans on the Russian front.
Menzies resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is replaced McFadden, who under pressure from his political opposition demands from the British, the relief of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk in Libya.
After demands from the Australian Prime Minister, the British agree to relieve the remainder of the 9th Australian Division from Tobruk.
A massive RAF raid against Nuremberg is launched, killing 4,000 civilians and destroying over 10,000 houses.
Germans break through South west of Stalingrad but are held to the north.
A Japanese seaplane catapulted from submarine I-25 and drops firebombs on forests in Oregon, USA.
The Danish government refuse a German ultimatum, as the sabotage campaign reaches a crescendo.
The Bulgarian King, Boris III dies under mysterious circumstances.
U.S. troops cross the Marne and take Meaux, 30 miles East of Paris. The last German garrison at Marseilles surrenders to the French, who take 37,000 prisoners for 4,000 French casualties.
The British 36th Division takes Pinbaw, in northern Burma, during a monsoon advance from Mogaung.
The Japanese sign the surrender agreement in Rangoon.
B29s drop supplies to Allied POWs in China.
Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
Britain and France try to persuade Poland to negotiate with Germany, but she refuses.
Raids continue on London, Midlands, Southwest England and Wales.
Armed merchant-cruiser Dunvegan Castle sunk by U46 off Ireland.
British government takes over railways for the duration of the war, paying Â£43m per annum in compensationÂ to private operators.
Army Group North captures Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
The Iranian government under Ali Furughi orders a cease-fire.
The Prime Minister of Japan, Fumimaro Konoye, issues an invitation for a meeting with President Roosevelt.
The Red Army launches counterattacks from the Leningrad pocket against Schluesselburg and the VolkhovÂ front, while the Red Army’s offensive on the Moscow front continues. Zhukov is appointed Stalin’s FirstÂ Deputy Commissar for defense.
Brenden Bracken, the British Minister of Information, makes the first ministerial statement on Hess since
May 1941 and says ‘Hess came to find British Quislings to overthrow Churchill’, ‘a Nazi of very lowÂ mentality’ who ‘babbled like an excited schoolboy’.
The Canadians cross the Seine around Rouen. The remaining 1,800 Germans at Toulon surrender as the FrenchÂ claim a total of 17,000 captured for just 2,700 French casualties.
The British 8th Army renews its offensive North on Italy’s eastern coast. Slowed by rain and mud, theÂ British attack toward the Gothic Line at Pesaro, just north of the Foglia river.
Russians take Galati in eastern Romania.
The RAF pounds the Ruhr oil refineries, their first large-scale daylight action over Germany. More than
1,000 U.S. B-17s and B-24s attack airdromes at Anklam, Grossenbrode, Neubrandenburg and Parow, LuftwaffeÂ experimental facilities at Peenemunde and Rechlin, aircraft components factories at Lubeck, Rostock,Â Schwerin, and Wismar, an oil-industry target at Politz and several targets of opportunity in Germany. 18Â heavy bombers are lost.
The last Chindits are evacuated from behind Japanese lines in Burma.
One of the greatest international armadas ever assembled, enters the Bay of Sagami, Tokyo.
B-29 Superfortress bombers begin to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.
Hitler cancels the order for the invasion of Poland on this day. He sets a new date of the 1st September.
Eire government protests to Berlin over bombs dropped in County Wexford, killing three girls. LondonÂ raided by Luftwaffe for six hours.
Hitler orders an initial redeployment of two Panzer and ten Infantry divisions from western Europe toÂ Poland in preparation for the invasion of Russia.
Anglo-Canadian and Norwegian commandos land on Spitzbergen, 370 miles north of Norway, to deny the coalÂ mines to the Germans. They destroy installations and mining equipment and evacuate the NorwegianÂ population.
Pierre Laval is shot and wounded by Paul Colette who is arrested.
German losses on Russian Front reach 440,000, more than in the entire war before the 22nd June 1941. ArmyÂ Group North surrounds and destroys the Soviet forces in the area of Velikije Luki.
The Hungarian Army rounds up 18,000 Jews at Kamenets-Podolsk.
British troops complete the occupation of the vital Abadan oilfields in Iran.
The Russians announce that their offensive along the Moscow front has pushed the Germans back 15-20 miles
in a fortnight. German successes continue in Caucasus.
7,000 Jews arrested in unoccupied France.
Two thousand Japanese land at Milne Bay, South East of Port Moresby and advance up Kokoda Trail.
US bombers hit Hong Kong.
After a delirious day of celebrating their city’s liberation from the Germans, Parisians are brought back
to reality shortly before midnight when the Luftwaffe stages a vindictive raid that destroys a substantialÂ part of the city’s working class neighborhoods in the northeast.
Allied troops pour across Seine and drive East. The French liberate Tarascon and Avignon in the South ofÂ France.
Hitler orders a withdrawal from Greece. Bulgaria, Germany’s ally, withdraws from the war against RussiaÂ and declares its neutrality.